ORDER OF BATTLE
OF THE
UNITED STATES ARMY GROUND FORCES
IN WORLD WAR II

PACIFIC THEATER OF OPERATIONS

UNITED STATES ARMY FORCES
CHINA, BURMA AND INDIA
(USAF CBI)



OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF MILITARY HISTORY
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
WASHINGTON, D.C., 1959











  The friendly Order of Battle for the Pacific is designed to cover the activities of United States units that participated in that area. Therefore coverage of Allied commands and units is limited to such entries as are necessary to give a clear picture of their relationship to U.S. units and vice versa. Although General Stilwell held the positions of Chief of Staff to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, Commanding General USAF CBI, Commanding General, Chinese Army in India, Deputy Supreme Commander, Southeast Asia Command (SEAC), and others, this Record of Events will cover, insofar as possible, only American units and installations in China, Burma, and India that came under his command.




UNITED STATES ARMY FORCES  CHINA, BURMA AND INDIA  (USAF CBI)

  On 7 December 1941 the United States was represented in China by the American Military Mission to China (AMMISCA). AMMISCA was established at Chungking, China, 4 October 1941 under Brig. Gen. John Magruder, whose mission was, in general, to assist and advise the Chinese Government in all phases of procurement, transport, and maintenance of material, equipment, and munitions requisite to the prosecution of China's military effort.

  In accordance with an agreement between the governments of China and the United States, General Joseph W. Stilwell was designated by the War Department as Chief of Staff to the Supreme Commander of the China Theater (Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek). In addition to this position he was appointed as Commanding General of the United States Army Forces in the Chinese Theater of Operations, Burma and India. (It is assumed that the appointment of a Commanding General, USAF, CTO and IB, referred to his commanding of United States personnel in China, India, and Burma, and not the establishment of a Headquarters of a USAF, CTO, IB.) His mission was to increase the effectiveness of United States assistance to the Chinese Government for the prosecution of the war and to assist in improving the combat efficiency of the Chinese Army.

  General Stilwell's force was designated as The United States Task Force in China and upon arriving in China the units and personnel of the task force and the personnel of AMMISCA were integrated to form Headquarters, American Army Forces, China, Burma and India (AAF CBI). This headquarters was established at Chungking, China, 4 March 1942.

  On 22 June 1942 all units and individuals under Stilwell's command were relieved from assignment to Army Group, Washington, D.C., and assigned to American Army Forces, India, China, and Burma. The radio from the War Department directing this action was regarded, it appears, as sufficient authority for the establishment of a theater of operation in China, Burma, and India. On 6 July 1942 the command structure of this theater was set up. Headquarters, American Army Forces, China, Burma and India, remained at Chungking, and Branch Office, Headquarters, American Army Forces, CBI, was established at New Delhi, India. (An explanation of the change in sequence of place names in the new command title from AAF ICB to AAF CBI has not been found.)

  In order to eliminate the possibility of confusing the abbreviation AAF (American Army Forces) with the abbreviation of Army Air Forces (AAF), it became accepted practice to use United States Army Forces, China, Burma and India (USAF CBI).

  On 24 October 1944 the China, Burma and India Theater was abolished and the China Theater (USF CT) and the India-Burma Theater (USF IBT) were established as separate and distinct theaters. Lt. Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer commanded the China Theater and also became Chief of Staff to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. The primary responsibility of the Commanding General, USF CT, was to conduct air operations against Japan from China.

4 Mar 42
Hq American Army Forces, China, Burma and India formally established at Chungking, China.

21 Mar 42
Rear Echelon AAF CBI established at Lashio, Burma.

8 Apr 42
Forward Echelon AAF CBI established at Maymyo, Burma. Detachments Hq AAF CBI established at Kunming, China, and Calcutta, India.

23 Apr 42
SOS CBI established at Karachi, India, as a subordinate Command of AAF CBI (See Record of Events SOS CBI).

25 Apr 42
Rear Echelon CP at Lashio, Burma, departed for Paoshan, China; arrived 1 May.

16 May 42
Hq and Hq Squadron Tenth Air Force arrive New Delhi India, and assigned as subordinate command to Hq USAF CBI.

20 May 42
Forward Echelon USAF CBI reached Imphal, India.

30 Jun 42
Ramgarh Training Center established. (See Record of Events for RTC.)

2 Jul 42
Gen. Stilwell designated commander of Chinese Army in India. (See Record of Events for CAI.)

6 Jul 42
Hq USAF CBI organized at Chungking, China. Branch Office Hq USAF CBI organized at New Delhi, India.

18 Jul 42
CG USAF CBI established Branch Office of Hq USAF CBI at Kunming, China, designated as U.S. Kunming Area Command.

5 Nov 42
USAF CBI assumed responsibility for construction of Ledo Road from Ledo to Myitkyina.

24 Nov 42
Branch Office Hq USAF CBI at New Delhi redesignated Rear Echelon Hq USAF CBI (presumably Hq at Chungking became Forward Echelon).
(The 24 November 1942 entry indicates that the Branch Office at New Delhi had already been redesignated Rear Echelon. The duplication may be due to the use of the terms "organization," "activation," etc; or it may indicate the change from Headquarters AAF CBI to Headquarters USAF CBI.)

21 Jan 43
Hq USAF CBI Theater was formally divided into Forward Echelon Hq USAF CBI at Chungking, and Rear Echelon Hq USAF CBI at New Delhi, both Hq being activated this date.

21 Jan 43
Hq and Hq Detachment, Chinese Training and Combat Command (CT&CC), activated Ramgarh, Bihar, India, under USAF CBI. (See Record of Events for CT&CC.)

16 Feb 43
Combat Troops, Ledo Sector (APO 689), activated with Hq at Ledo, as subordinate command of USAF CBI, with mission of protecting construction of Ledo Road.

10 Mar 43
Fourteenth Air Force activated with Hq Kunming and placed under operational control of CG USAF CBI.

29 Apr 43
Y-Force Operations Staff (Y-FOS) activated Kunming, China. (See Record of Events for Y-FOS)

1 May 43
Forward Echelon Branch Office USAF CBI established Kunming. U.S. Kunming Area Command discontinued.

5 Aug 43
Joint Army-Navy Intel Collection Agency, CBI (JICA CBI), established and attached to Hq USAF CBI as special staff section.

20 Aug 43
Hq Army Air Force, India-Burma Sector, CBI Theater, activated New Delhi as subcommand of USAF CBI.

10 Oct 43
5307th Composite Regiment (Provisional) organized. (See Record of Events for 5307th Comp Regt (Prov).)

1 Nov 43
5315th Infantry Training Center (Prov) activated Kweilin, China, to train troops of CAI in East China. Assumed to be subcommand of Hq USAF CBI. Disbanded 25 Jul (See Record of Events for 5315th Inf Tng Cen.)

16 Nov 43
CG USAF CBI designated as Deputy Supreme Allied Commander, Southeast Asia (Deputy SACSEA)

31 Dec 43
Branch Office Forward Echelon Hq USAF CBI at Kunming discontinued.

1 Jan 44
Z-Force Operations Staff (Z-FOS) activated at Chungking as subcommand of Forward Echelon Hq USAF CBI. (See Record of Events for Z-FOS.)

1 Feb 44
Northern Combat Area Command (NCAC) activated. (See Record of Events for NCAC).

1 Feb 44
Combat Troops, Ledo Sector, discontinued.

1 Apr 44
Hq USAF CBI (main Hq) established New Delhi. Forward Echelon continued at Chungking; Rear Echelon at New Delhi discontinued.

16 Apr 44
Planning Section, as an additional staff section of Hq USAF CBI, activated.

27 May 44
Mission of USAF CBI as restated by War Department was conduct of such military operations in China as would support main offensive in the Pacific.

17 Jul 44
CG USAF CBI became CG NCAC and retained command of CAI as well.

24 Oct 44
USAF CBI Theater abolished. China Theater (USF CT) and India, Burma Theater (USF IBT) established in its place.

COMMANDERDATE
Lt Gen Joseph W Stilwell4 Mar 42
Maj Gen Raymond A Wheeler24 Apr 43
Lt Gen Joseph W Stilwell8 Jun 43
Maj Gen Thomas G Hearn19 Nov 43
Lt Gen Joseph W Stilwell9 Dec 43
Gen Joseph W Stilwell (promotion)1 Aug 44
Lt Gen Daniel I Sultan18 Oct 44

General Stilwell was notified of his relief from responsibilities in Asia by Chief of Staff U.S. Army, 19 October 1944 and departed Chungking 21 October 1944. General Sultan was temporarily in command as of 19 October 1944.

ASSIGNEDDATE
War Department4 Mar 42




SERVICES OF SUPPLY, CHINA, BURMA AND INDIA (SOS USAF CBI)
AND SUCCESSOR COMMAND,
SERVICES OF SUPPLY, INDIA, BURMA. THEATER (SOS USF IBT)

  The activation of Services of Supply in China, Burma and India (SOS CBI) was authorized by the War Department on 28 February 1942. The Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment (Provisional), SOS USAF CBI, was activated as a subordinate command of USAF CBI at Karachi, India, 23 April 1942, and on the same date the commanding general and his staff were announced.

  The mission of the Commanding General, SOS CBI, as directed by the War Department, was to take necessary action required to push equipment and supplies through to General Stilwell; to assume all supply and administrative functions in India necessary to the successful functioning of his command; and to investigate and report upon special supply requirements, supplies locally procurable, special supply difficulties, and the availability of storage space.

  SOS USAF CBI mission was set forth again on 17 April 1942 by General Stilwell when he directed the Commanding General, SOS, to operate the SOS from base ports in India forward, to include railheads, riverheads, and an airline terminal in Assam; supply all U.S. ground forces in this theater of operations and the U.S. Air Forces to the extent requested by the commanding general of American Air Forces in India; and to receive, warehouse, assemble and transport Chinese lend-lease and other government supplies.

  Headquarters, SOS USAF CBI, moved from Karachi to New Delhi on 26 May 1942 and on 27 May 1942 it was divided geographically into Base Sections Nos. 1, 2, and 3 and Advance Sections Nos. 1 and 2. On 22 June 1942 it was reorganized geographically into Base Sections Nos. 1 and 2 and Advance Sections Nos. 1, 2, and 3. Base Section No. 3 was organized on 10 December 1942, and Advance Section No. 4 was established 20 March 1943. (For the history of Base Sections and Advance Sections, see the listing at the end of this Record of Events.)

  On 10 April 1943 SOS USAF CBI was redesignated Army Service Forces, China, Burma, India (ASF CBI) and on 4 June 1943 ASF CBI was redesignated SOS USAF CBI.

  When the CBI Theater of Operations was abolished on 24 October 1944 and the China Theater (CT) and the India, Burma Theater (IBT) were established as separate commands, SOS consisted of two base sections, one intermediate section and two advance sections. SOS CBI was not redesignated at this time, and Advance Section No. 1 of SOS CBI continued to function virtually independent of SOS CBI as an SOS for CT.

  SOS CBI was redesignated SOS IBT on 2 November 1944 and Advance Section No. 1 was redesignated CT on 10 November 1944. (See Record of Events for SOS CT.)

  Effective 21 May 1945, SOS IBT was discontinued and all functions and responsibility of Commanding General, SOS IBT, were assumed by Commanding General USF IBT. On the same date, base, intermediate, and advance sections of SOS IBT, were redesignated base, intermediate, and advance sections of USF IBT and became subordinate commands of USF IBT.

28 Feb 42
SOS USAF CBI authorized by War Department.

23 Apr 42
Hq SOS CBI activated Karachi, India, as a subordinate command of USAF CBI.

26 May 42
Hq SOS CBI moved from Karachi, India, to New Delhi, India.

27 May 42
SOS CBI organized geographically into Base Sections Nos. 1, 2, and 3 and Advance Sections Nos. 1 and 2. (See Record of Events for Base and Adv Sections.)

22 Jun 42
Advance Section No. 3 organized Kunming, China, (see Record of Events for Adv Sec No. 3.)

15 Aug 42
Hq SOS, Ramgarh Training Center, Camp Ramgarh, Bihar, India, placed under direct control of Hq SOS CBI.

1 Sep 42
Procurement Section established as special staff section of SOS CBI.

26 Nov 42
Eastern Section, SOS CBI, established and assigned SOS CBI. (See Record of Events for Eastern Sec.)

20 Mar 43
Advance Section No. 4 established Kweilin, China. (See Record of Events for Adv Sec No. 4.)

6 Apr 43
Transportation Section established as special staff section of SOS CBI.

10 Apr 43
SOS CBI redesignated ASF CBI.

4 Jun 43
ASF CBI redesignated SOS CBI.

2 Nov 43
American Barge Lines, SOS CBI, constituted vicinity Calcutta, India, under supervision and direction of Chief of Transportation, SOS CBI, and assigned SOS CBI. (Date of disbandment unknown.)

17 Dec 43
An Administrative Service established in Hq SOS CBI to direct, control and co-ordinate activities of G-l and G-2, JAG, AG, Finance Officer, Special Services Officer, Chaplain, Provost Marshal, Hq Command, Army Exchange Service, and Public Relations Officer.

1 Jan 44
Transportation Services, SOS CBI, established New Delhi as a subordinate command of SOS CBI.

15 Jan 44
Construction Services, SOS CBI activated as a subordinate command of SOS CBI.

1 Feb 44
General Staff Sections of Hq CBI redesignated as Admin and Operations Sections. Functions of G-l and G-2 assumed by Office of Chief of Admin and functions of G-3 and G-4 by Office of Chief of Operations.

1 Apr 44
China Lend-Lease Section established as special staff section of SOS CBI and responsible through Asst Chief of Operations and Chief of Staff for handling of lend-lease supplies.

1 May 44
China Lend-Lease Section ceased to function as special staff section and was incorporated into Procurement Section.

13 Jun 44
Replacement Service, SOS CBI, established New Delhi as subordinate command of SOS CBI to train and assign replacements in CBI Theater.

13 Jun 44
Burma Road Engineers formed as section of CT&CC with its own T/O and attached to SOS CBI.

15 Jun 44
American Delhi Military Area Command (ADMAC) established as subordinate command of SOS CBI. (See Record of Events for ADMAC.)

30 Jun 44
CO of Advance Section No. 1 (Kunming) designated Deputy to CG SOS CBI in all matters pertaining to SOS functions in China. He was authorized to make decisions for CG SOS in supply matters in China and to report directly to Forward Echelon USAF CBI at Chungking.

11 Aug 44
Admin and Operations Sections of Hq SOS CBI reorganized as follows: Asst Chief of Operations redesignated Deputy CofS for Operations; Asst Chief of Admin redesignated Asst CofS for Admin G-l; Asst Chief of Operations for Troops redesignated Asst CofS for Troops, G-3; Asst Chief of Operations for Supply redesignated Asst CofS for Supply, G-4.

22 Aug 44
Office of Chief Theater Surgeon (USAF CBI) and Off of Surgeon, SOS CBI, consolidated. Surgeon, SOS CBI, designated Deputy Theater Surgeon but continued to function as directed by CG SOS CBI.

Sep 44
SOS CBI directed by Hq USAF CBI to assume responsibility for the supply of Y and Z Forces (Chinese troops).

2 Sep 44
Transportation 3ervice, SOS CBI, responsibility for transportation in China vested in Advance Section No. 1.

1 Nov 44
All general and branch depots, and sub depots, formerly under sections, made directly responsible to Hq SOS CBI.

2 Nov 44
SOS CBI redesignated SOS IBT.

19 Nov 44
Chief of Fiscal Section SOS appointed Theater Fiscal Director, and supervision of all fiscal and finance Operations in theater charged to CG SOS IBT.

Dec 44 - Feb 45
Special staff sections of SOS IBT and the theater Hq amalgamated. Theater-wide primary responsibility for staff activities had been divided between the two Hq. For example, SOS IBT had theater-wide responsibility for engineering activities and theater Hq had theater-wide responsibility for public relations activities. But in each case the opposite Hq also had a corresponding staff section to perform limited functions of that staff activity; theater Hq had an Engineering Section and SOS IBT had a Public Relations. Amalgamation ultimately eliminated the extra staff section. Thus the Theater Public Relations Officer became in addition to his other duties the Public Relations Officer for SOS IBT while the SOS Engineer acted in addition to his other duties as Engineer for theater headquarters.

11 Jan 45
SOS Engineer Construction Service combined with Theater Engineer Office.

Jan 45
SOS Provost Marshal became Theater Deputy Provost Marshall.

7 Feb 45
IBT Signal Officer appointed SOS Signal Officer.

26 Feb 45
Replacement Service relieved from SOS USF IBT and assigned as subordinate command to Hq USF IBT.

14 Mar 45
China Lend-Lease Section re-established in Hq SOS IBT.

23 Apr 45
Information and Education Section IBT transferred to Hq SOS IBT.

21 May 45
Hq SOS IBT discontinued.

COMMANDERDATE
Brig Gen Raymond A Wheeler28 Feb 42
Maj Gen Raymond A Wheeler (Promotion)11 Mar 42
Brig Gen William E R Covell15 Nov 43
Maj Gen William E R Covell (Promotion)29 Nov 43
Brig Gen John A Warden18 Dec 44
Maj Gen William E R Covell10 Feb 45

ASSIGNED TO:DATE
USAF CBI23 Apr 42
USF IBT2 Nov 44




BASE AND ADVANCE SECTIONS

  Initially, base and advance section commanders were responsible for all engineer construction in their sections and for the handling of supplies for China, India, and Burma. They controlled transportation, depots, ports of debarkation, hospitals, supply, and maintenance, and operating units that were assigned to their sections. However, from time to time certain construction jobs, areas, depots, and other installations within the geographical limits of a section were exempted from the control of a section commander and placed directly under control of Headquarters, SOS.

  Changes were made in the boundaries of these sections as well as in missions when construction or supply conditions demanded a simplification of administration.



Base Section No. 1

27 May 42
Base Section No. 1 organized with Hq Karachi, India, and assigned SOS USAF CBI.

18 Jul 42
General Depot No. 1 established Karachi under command of CO Base Sec No. 1.

15 May 45
Base Sec No. 1 discontinued.

COMMANDERDATE
Col Paul F Yount27 May 42
Col Lewis P Jordan5 Oct 42
Col Fabius H Kohloss6 Nov 42
Col Lewis P Jordan18 Nov 42
Col Robert E Coughlin10 Jan 43
Col Thomas H Rees, Jr.11 May 43
Brig Gen John A Warden23 Jan 44



Base Section No. 2

27 May 42
Establishment of Base Section No. 2 with Hq Bangalore, Mysore, India, authorized. (No personnel assigned however, and it is assumed it did not actually function.)

22 Jun 42
Base Section No. 2 established Calcutta, India.

21 Dec 42
General Depot No. 2 established Calcutta under command of CO Base Section No. 2.

15 May 45
Base Section No. 2 redesignated Base Section S0S IBT.

21 May 45
Base Section SOS IBT redesignated Base Section IBT.

COMMANDERDATE
Lt Col Edwin M Sutherland22 Jun 42
Lt Col Thomas B Harper2 Dec 42
Lt Col John P Johnson30 Mar 43
Col Thomas G M Oliphant8 May 43
Brig Gen John A Warden17 May 43
Maj Gen Gilbert X Cheves23 Jan 44
Col Robert R Neyland, Jr.13 Nov 44



Base Section No. 3

27 May 42
Base Section No. 3 organized Calcutta, India. (Base Section No. 3 did not actually function at Calcutta because of Japanese threats to the ports.)

22 Jun 42
Base Section No. 3 discontinued and its area included in Base Section No. 2.

10 Dec 42
Base Section No. 3 established Ledo, Assam, and assigned SOS CBI.

23 Aug 44
Base Section No. 3 redesignated Advance Section No. 3 (See Record of Events for Advance Section No. 3.)

COMMANDERDATE
Lt Col Edwin M Sutherland27 May 42
Col John S Arrowsmith10 Dec 42
Brig Gen John S Arrowsmith (Promotion)25 Jun 43
Col Lewis A Pick17 Oct 43



Advance Section No. 1

27 May 42
Advance Section No. 1 organized Agra, India, and assigned SOS CBI.

5 Mar 43
Hq Advance Section No. 1 opened Gaya, India.

11 Mar 43
Intermediate Depot, Farah, organized Farah, India, under control of Advance Section No. 1.

15 Sep 43
Advance General Depot No. 1 activated Gaya, India, and placed under control of Advance Section No. l.

26 Dec 43
Advance Section No. 1 inactivated Gaya.

1 Feb 44
Advance Section No. 1 established Kunming, China.

10 Nov 44
Advance Section No. 1 redesignated Services of Supply, China Theater (SOS CT). (See Record of Events for SOS CT.)

COMMANDERDATE
Maj Henry C Wilcox27 May 42
Maj James P Woodson7 Jul 42
Maj William 0 Schrader17 Aug 42
Col Thomas H Rees, Jr1 Sep 42
Col Richard W Hocker18 May 43
Capt Walter L Sheppard, Jr24 Dec - 26 Dec 43
Col Lewis P Jordan1 Feb 44
Col Robert R Neyland, Jr28 Jun 44



Advance Section No. 2

27 May 42
Advance Section No. 2 established Dibrugarh, India.

3 Jul 42
Advance General Depot No. 2 established under command of Advance Section No. 2.

17 Aug 42
Hq Advance Section No. 2 moved to Chabua, Assam, India.

23 Aug 44
Advance Section No. 2 redesignated Intermediate Section No. 2 (INTERSEC No. 2).

15 May 45
INTERSEC No. 2 redesignated Intermediate Section (INTERSEC) SOS IBT.

21 May 45
INTERSEC SOS IBT redesignated INTERSEC IBT.

COMMANDERDATE
Maj Henry A Byroade27 May 42
Col Robert E Coughlin8 May 43
Brig Gen Joseph A Cranston31 Jan 44 - Oct 44

(Subsequent commanders unknown)



Advance Section No. 3

11 Jun 42
Hq Advance Section No. 3 authorized.

22 Jun 42
Hq Advance Section No. 3 organized Kunming, China.

25 Jan 43
Advance General Depot Mo. 3 assigned Advance Section No. 3.

31 Jan 44
Advance Section No. 3 inactivated.

23 Aug 44
Advance Section No. 3 redesignated from Base Section No. 3.

15 May 45
Advance Section No. 3 redesignated Advance Section SOS IBT.

21 May 45
Advance Section SOS IBT redesignated Advance Section IBT.

COMMANDERDATE
Capt Charles F B Price, Jr22 Jun 42
Col Lewis P Jordan15 Mar 43
Maj Gen Lewis A Pickunknown
Col Walter E Lorence24 Apr 45
Brig Gen Paul F Yount16 May 45



Advance Section No. 4

20 Mar 43
Advance Section No. 4 established with Hq Kweilin, China.

16 Jul 43
Advance General Depot No. 4 activated Kweilin under command of Advance Section No. 4.

31 Jan 44
Advance Section No. 4 inactivated.

COMMANDERDATE
Capt Charles F B Price, Jr20 Mar 43
Lt Col Henry A Byroade1 Aug 43




CONSTRUCTION SERVICE, SOS, CBI, and IBT

The service was established 15 January 1944 at New Delhi, India, and operated under command of the Chief of Engineers, SOS, CBI.

15 Jan 44
Engineer Division No. 1 assigned Construction Service.
Engineer Division No. 9 assigned Construction Service.

1 Feb 44
Engineer Division No. 2 assigned Construction Service.

15 Jan 45
Engineer Division No. 12 assigned Construction Service. Construction Service, S0S IBT (Hq of which had functioned as Engineer Special Staff Section) reorganized. Effect of reorganization was transition of Construction Service from a command to a special staff section called Engineer Section and Construction Service.

COMMANDERDATE
Col Thomas F Farrell (Later Brig Gen)15 Jan 44




EASTERN SECTION, SOS, CBI

Eastern Section, SOS was established 26 Nov 42 to receive, store, and issue stocks of Chinese Defense Supplies, Inc. (a Chinese purchasing and supply organization in the U.S.) that were scheduled for the Y-Force. The Eastern Section was without any territorial significance and usually operated from a base at Kunming. It functioned somewhat like a G-4 Section and performed liaison between the American and Chinese SOS in supplying the Y-Force. Another function of the Eastern Section was planning for the rehabilitation of the Ledo Road.

23 Jun 43
Eastern Section SOS CBI was transferred into G-4 Section of Y-FOS.

COMMANDERDATE
Col Fabius H Kohloss26 Nov 42




SERVICES OF SUPPLY, RAMGARH TRAINING AREA (RTA)

(It is assumed that the terms center and area were used interchangeably.)

15 Aug 42
Headquarters, SOS, Ramgarh Training Area, Camp Ramgarh, Bihar, India (formerly under Base Section No. 2), was placed under direct control of Headquarters, SOS CBI. Headquarters SOS, RTA, Camp Ramgarh, was responsible for making all administrative arrangements in connection with housing, supply, signal communications, sanitation, and operation of medical services for RTA in addition to supplying and equipping the Chinese forces at Ramgarh. It had no authority over training or tactical operation of the Chinese troops. The senior officer of SOS became the post commander, his functions similar to those of the commanding general of a corps area service command in the United States.

11 Mar 44
All SOS installations and units at RTA, Camp Ramgarh, Bihar, India, placed under direct control of Base Sec No. 2, SOS USAF CBI.

COMMANDERDATE
Col W H Holccmbe15 Aug 42
Lt Col W A Fuller22 Dec 42 - 11 May 44




RAMGARH TRAINING CENTER (RTC)

  Ramgarh Training Center, an American-staffed, American-operated organization, was established 30 June 1942 by the Commanding General, USAF, CBI, for the training of Chinese troops in India (Supreme Commander, China Theater, had approved Ramgarh, Bihar Province, India, as the site for a training center to train, equip, and reinforce the Chinese troops that had retreated into India from Burma.)

26 Aug 42
RTC formally activated.

1 Feb 43
Hq RTC and Hq Camp Ramgarh combined and CG RTC assumed command. (These two organizations and Hq Chinese Army in India were the three original command organizations at Ramgarh.) Headquarters Ramgarh Training Center was responsible for the training of Chinese Army in India, and Headquarters Chinese Army in India was responsible for the activation, organization, administration, and command of Chinese units.

24 Oct 44
RTC came under control of USF IBT with dissolution of USAF CBI.

15 May 45
RTC discontinued.

COMMANDERDATE
Col Frederick McCabe 30 Jun 42
Brig Gen William E Bergin30 Apr 44
Brig Gen Frederick McCabe30 Jun 44
Col Donald A Young31 Jan 45
Col Raymond R Tourtillott1 May 45




CHINESE TRAINING AND COMBAT COMMAND (CT&CC)

21 Jan 43
Hq and Hq Detachment, CT&CC activated Ramgarh, Bihar, India, under USAF CBI as a pool for U.S. officers and enlisted men.

29 Apr 43
Y-Force Operations Staff (Y-FOS) activated to train, organize, and equip Chinese divisions in Y-Force (see Record of Events for Y-FOS). Personnel for Y-FOS was drawn from CT&CC, but Y-FOS was directly subordinate to USAF CBI.

15 Jun 44
Burma Road Engineers Detachment formed as subsection of CT&CC and attached SOS CBI.

24 Oct 44
When USAF CBI was abolished and USF CT established, a portion of CT&CC CBI was within the geographical limits of China Theater. From this organization Y and Z-FOS commands were allotted their personnel.

17 Nov 44
Y and Z-FOS disbanded. That portion of the CT&CC CBI within geographical limits of CT was redesignated CT&CC CT with Hq in Kunming. Personnel of Y and Z-FOS reverted to their original assignment in the CT&CC.

2 Dec 44
Mission of CT&CC CT was to render staff assistance and battle liaison to Chinese armies south of Yangtze River; to assist in training of Chinese Armies involved in plan for defense of Kunming area; to increase the combat effectiveness of Chinese armies.

8 Jan 45
CT&CC CT was split into two separate and component parts: Chinese Combat Command (Prov) and Chinese Training Command (Prov) (CCC (Prov) and CTC (Prov)). In effect, CT&CC CT became a paper organization and the COs of CCC (Prov) and CTC (Prov) reported directly to CG USF CT.

COMMANDERDATE
Lt Gen Joseph W Stilwell21 Jan 43
Brig Gen Frank Dorn17 Nov 44

(The commander during the interim period is unknown.)



CHINESE ARMY IN INDIA (CAI)

23 Oct 42
Hq Chinese Army in India (Chin Hui Pu) activated under command of Gen. Stilwell. Function was to handle administration, discipline, and supply of Chinese troops in Ramgarh Training Center (see Record of Events for RTC), While the American staff of RTC handled the equipping and training of the Chinese troops.

Apr 43 - Apr 44
During this period most of CAI shifted from Ramgarh to the North Burma front. When combat troops were moved to Assam, Forward Echelon Chin Hui Pu was established at the 5 mile mark along Ledo Road. Ramgarh Hq was designated Rear Echelon Chin Hui Pu.

30 Nov 44
Supreme Commander CT formally placed all Chinese forces in India and Burma (including CAI forces) under over-all command of SACSEA (Supreme Allied Commander, Southeast Asia).

1 Feb 44
Command of all combat units in Assam-North Burma territory (NCAC area) was under Gen. Stilwell in his capacity as CG CAI. Thus there were two separate organizations, CAI and NCAC, with the same staff, and later the same CG (Stilwell), functioning under the over-all command of SEAC in the same area. NCAC had a service mission and CAI had a combat mission. In the summer of 1944 the two organizations became one for Operations. In the fall of 1944 it became the practice to refer to combat forces in this area as NCAC forces; though technically the two organizations were separate.

5 Feb 44  (on or about)
5307th Composite Unit (Provisional) was attached to CAI.

12 Nov 44
Allied Land Forces, Southeast Asia (ALFSEA) was established as subcommand of SEAC and it was agreed to place CAI under operational control of ALFSEA.

16 Dec 44
Rear Echelon CAI moved to Ledo. A sub-Rear Echelon remained at Ramgarh.

COMMANDERDATE
Lt Gen Joseph W Stilwell23 Oct 42
Lt Gen Daniel I Sultan3 Nov 44

(The commander for the interim period following General Stilwell's departure is unknown.)



COMBAT TROOPS,  LEDO SECTOR

18 Feb 43
Combat Troops, Ledo Sector (APO 689), activated with Hq at Ledo, as a subordinate command of Hq USAF CBI, with mission of protecting construction of Ledo Road.

1 Feb 44
Combat Troops, Ledo Sector, discontinued and units transferred to NCAC.

COMMANDERDATE
Brig Gen Raymond A Wheeler18 Feb 43
Brig Gen Haydon L Boatner6 Apr 43




Y-FORCE OPERATIONS STAFF (Y-FOS)

  Y-FOS was established at Kunming, China, 29 April 1943 by verbal orders of the theater commander. The staff was to work in liaison with the staff of the Chinese Y-Force. (The Y-Force consisted of Chinese troops in Yunnan Province that were to make 30 divisions to be used for combat operations against the Japanese.) Y-FOS was charged with the mission of training, organizing, and supplying the Chinese Y-Force; established priorities for the air movement of supplies and equipment for the Chinese; supervising the Infantry Training Center and the Field Artillery Training Center at Kunming; and formulating plans for the operations and supply of the Chinese Y-Force.

18 Jun 43
Activation of Y-F05 confirmed by verbal orders.

23 Jun 43
Eastern Section SOS becomes G-4 Section of Y-FOS. Y-FOS charged with responsibility for rehabilitation of Burma Road.

24 Oct 44
Y-FOS assigned to CT.

17 Nov 44
Y-FOS disbanded.

CHIEF OF STAFFDATE
Col Frank Dorn *29 Apr 43
Brig Gen Frank Dorn (Promotion)8 Nov 43

*Designated Chief of Staff 29 April 1943 - 17 November 1944. General Stilwell commanded through General Dorn.



Z-FORCE OPERATIONS STAFF (Z-FOS)

1 Jan 44
Z-FOS activated Chungking as a subordinate command of Forward Echelon Hq USAF CBI to train and equip a second 30 Chinese divisions (known as Z-Force) for Operations in East China.

24 Oct 44
Z-FOS assigned USF CT.

17 Nov 44
Z-FOS disbanded.

CHIEF OF STAFF *DATE
Brig Gen Malcolm F Lindsey1 Jan 44
Brig Gen Thomas F Timberman4 Sep 44
Col Harvood C Bowman21 Oct 44
Brig Gen Malcolm F Lindsey24 Oct 44

*General Stilwell commanded through the Chief of Staff



NORTHERN COMBAT AREA COMMAND (NCAC)

  Effective 1 February 1944 NCAC was organized with headquarters at Mile 5.5 on the Ledo Road. The Commanding General, NCAC, was responsible for the supervision and direction of all special and service units (Anglo-American) placed in the NCAC, with the exception of SOS units specifically engaged in road construction and the necessary auxiliary and service units. The command of all combat troops in NCAC remained with the Commanding General, CAI.

4 Oct 43
5303d Hq and Hq Co (Prov) Combat troops organized.

29 Jan 44
5303d Hq and Hq Co (Prov) Combat Troops redesignated 5303d Hq and Hq Co (Prov) Area Command.

8 May 44
5307th Comp Unit (Prov) assigned NCAC (See Record of Events for 5307th Comp Unit (Prov).)

16 Jun 44
NCAC passed to operational (assumed) control of SEAC. (Date of release unknown.)

19 Jun 44
Hq and Hq Co NCAC (CT&CC) activated. Personnel allotment for NCAC was granted in order to provide American personnel for Hq and Hq Co NCAC and to provide all liaison personnel with units assigned to Chih Hui Pu (CAI), all American personnel with units assigned to Seagrave Hospital Unit and 1st Tank Group, and American personnel for such other activities as required them.
5303d Hq and Hq Co (Prov) Combat Troops disbanded.

17 Jul 44
CG USAF CBI assumed direct control of NCAC. All Allied units (except Chinese) attached for operational control to NCAC.

26 Jul 44
5332d Brigade (Provisional), known as MARS Task Force, activated 26 Jul 44 and assigned NCAC. Mission of 5332d Brigade (Provisional) was to command long-range penetration units. 5332d Brigade (Provisional) participated in second battle for Burma.

10 Aug 44
475th Infantry activated Ledo and assigned NCAC.

24 Oct 44
NCAC assigned to IBT. CG USAF IBT assumed command of NCAC.

12 Nov 44
NCAC came under operational control of ALFSEA.

10 Jan 45
NCAC Field Replacement Depot established Ledo and assigned NCAC; discontinued 12 Apr 45.
CG IBT announced opening of Ledo Road.

COMMANDERDATE
Brig Gen Haydon L Boatner1 Feb 44
Lt Gen Joseph W Stilwell17 Jul 44
Lt Gen Daniel I Sultan27 Oct 44
Lt Gen Raymond A Wheeler22 Jun 45




5307th COMPOSITE UNIT (PROVISIONAL)

The 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional), which was given the code name GALAHAD Force and later nicknamed Merrill's Marauders by the press, was organized to carry out long-range penetration operations. The operations included expeditions to harass the enemy and disrupt his communication and supply line. In addition to these operations the Marauders engaged in normal infantry combat missions in Burma. The 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional) before redesignation was the 5307th Composite Regiment (Provisional).

10 Oct 43
5307th Composite Regiment (Provisional) organized Deogarh, India.

1 Jan 44
5307th Composite Regiment (Provisional) formally activated at Deolali, India, as subordinate command of Hq USAF CBI and redesignated 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional) 2 Jan 44.

5 Feb 44  (on or about)
5307th Composite Unit (Provisional) attached to CAI and assumed further attached to NCAC.

8 May 44
5307th Composite Unit (Provisional) assigned NCAC.

10 Aug 44
5307th Composite Unit (Provisional) disbanded.

COMMANDERDATE
Brig Gen Frank D Merrill6 Jan 44
Col Charles N Hunter29 Mar 44
Brig Gen Frank D Merrill26 Apr 44
Col John E McCammon20 May 44




5315th INFANTRY TRAINING CENTER (PROVISIONAL)

5315th Infantry Training Center (Provisional), an American organization, activated Kweilin as subordinate command of Rear Echelon Hq USAF CBI to train officers and enlisted men of Chinese Army in East China.

1 Jan 44
Z-Force Operations Staff (Z-FOS) activated and directed to supervise 5315th Infantry Training Center (Provisional) at Kweilin.

25 Jul 44
5315th Infantry Training Center (Provisional) disbanded.

COMMANDERDATE
Brig Gen Thomas S Arms1 Nov 43




AMERICAN DELHI MILITARY AREA COMMAND

15 Jun 44
American Delhi Military Area Command (ADMAC) established with Hq at New Delhi, India, under responsibility [sic] of CG SOS CBI. The purpose of this organization was to provide a post Hq with jurisdiction over U.S. Army activities within Delhi Province.

21 May 45
ADMAC SOS USF IBT became ADMAC Hq USF IBT a subordinate command of Hq USF IBT.

COMMANDERDATE
Lt Col Mason H Lucas (later Col)15 Jun 44
Col D C Eberson23 Nov 44
Col S C Hilton19 Apr 44
Maj A T McHugh11 Aug 45




UNITED STATES FORCES,  INDIA, BURMA THEATER  (USF IBT)

  Headquarters, United States Forces, India, Burma Theater (USF IBT) was established 24 October 1944 at New Delhi, following the abolition of USAF CBI. USF CT was established at Chungking, China (see Record of Events for USF CT).

  The Commanding General, USF IBT, became also Commanding General NCAC, and on 3 November 1944 he was given an additional appointment as Commander in Chief, CAI. The Commanding General USF IBT, was responsible to Joint Chief of Staff (JCS) for control of all U.S. troops in the theater and to SACSEA for their operations in Burma. Commanding General, NCAC, and Commander in Chief, CAI, were under operational control of SACSEA. India-Burma Theater included India, Burma, Ceylon, Thailand, the Malay Peninsula, and Sumatra.

  Commanding General USF IBT, had two main missions: logistical support of China Theater and participation in and support of operations of SEAC. Headquarters, USF IBT, was to act as communications zone headquarters for the China Theater, establishing, maintaining, and operating the land (Burma and Ledo Roads) and air lines of communications.

  Major Commands of Headquarters, USF IBT, were RTC, AAF IBS and SOS USAF CBI.

2 Dec 44
CG USF IBT and CG USF CT agreed to following division of responsibility: Hq USF IBT was to be responsible for construction and maintenance of Ledo Road up to Burma-China border vicinity Wanting; USF CT to be responsible for construction and maintenance within China. Hq USF IBT was also responsible for construction, maintenance, and operation of pipelines to Kunming and motor transport operations on Ledo Road as far as Kunming.

23 Jan 45
Under War Department directive on Chinese lend-lease policy and procedure, CG USF IBT was made responsible for determining type and quantity of supplies to be delivered to CAI; determining priorities and maintenance of records of transfer of supplies to Chinese within IBT; requisitioning or bidding for supplies for units; and receipt, storage, and transportation of supplies within IBT boundaries, unless otherwise agreed upon by theater commanders.

8 Feb 45
Hq OSS IBT organized at Kandy, Ceylon, as subordinate command of Hq USF IBT.

26 Feb 45
Replacement Service relieved from SOS USF IBT and assigned as subordinate command to Hq USF IBT.

6 Apr 45
Joint Army-Navy Intel Collection Agency, IBT (JICA IBT), established with Hq New Delhi.

5 May 45
SACSEA announced end of organized enemy resistance in Burma.

15 May 45
RTC discontinued by CG USF IBT.

21 May 45
CG USF IBT assumed functions of CG SOS USF IBT, which was discontinued. Base, Intermediate, and Advance Sections of SOS USF IBT were redesignated Base, Intermediate, and Advance Sections of USF IBT and became subordinate to command of Hq USF IBT.

21 May 45
American Delhi Military Area command (ADMAC), SOS USF IBT, became ADMAC, Hq USF IBT (assumed), subordinate command of Hq USF IBT. (See Record of Events for ADMAC.) Transportation Service, SOS USF IBT, became Transportation Service, USF IBT, a subcommand of Hq USF IBT.

21 May 45
Following agreement of USF IBT and ALFSEA authorities, British Twelfth Army assumed responsibility for NCAC territory north of line Mong Mit - Molo - Namhkam; remainder of area taken over by British after withdrawal of Chinese troops.

14 Aug 45
Most of Hq USF IBT construction projects canceled by War Department.

COMMANDERDATE
Lt Gen Daniel I Sultan24 Oct 44
Lt Gen Raymond A Wheeler23 Jun 45

ASSIGNED TO:
War Department24 Oct 44

ATTACHED TO:
Allied Land Forces, Southeast Asia (ALFSEA)12 Nov 44 - 15 Aug 45
Supreme Allied Commander, Southeast Asia (SEAC)24 Oct 44 (assumed)




UNITED STATES FORCES,  CHINA THEATER  (USF CT)

  With the abolition of USAF CBI, 24 October 1944, two new theaters were substituted for it: United States Army Forces, China Theater and United States Forces, India-Burma Theater (USF IBT). (See Record of Events for USF IBT).

  Headquarters, USF CT, was established at Chungking, China. The new headquarters functioned as a part of the Allied Command, China Theater, whose Supreme Allied Commander was Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. The JCS issued directives to Headquarters, USF CT, giving it missions within the China Theater. Primary responsibility of Headquarters, USF CT, was to conduct air operations from China. Boundaries of the China Theater included the mainland of China and Indo-China and the islands immediately adjacent thereto, such as Hong Kong, but excluded Formosa and Hainan. The Commanding General, USF CT, commanded U.S. forces within the geographic boundaries of the China Theater with the exception of Headquarters, China Division, India-China Wing, ATC; XX Bomber Command; Naval Group, China, and other quasi-military organizations.

  Subordinate commands of Headquarters, USF CT, were Y-FOS; Z-FOS; Fourteenth Air Force and Advance Section No. 1, SOS USAF CBI.

10 Nov 44
Advance Section No. 1, SOS CBI, at Kunming, China, redesignated SOS USF CT. (It had remained in existence under Hq USF CT since 24 Oct 44 after the theater split.)

27 Nov 44
Hq USF CT drafted ALPHA Plan, a U.S. plan for Sino-American forces to defend Kunming and Chungking. Objectives of plan were to delay the Japanese advances into South and Southeast China and to block the Japanese drive.

17 Nov 44
Y and Z-FOS disbanded. That portion of CT&CC CBI within CT redesignated CT&CC CT with Hq at Kunming.

1 Dec 44
CG CT restated the mission of USF CT to its subordinate commands and detailed new missions for them. USF CT was to defend key installations, air and supply bases in southwestern China. In co-operation with CG USF IBT, USF CT was to develop and protect air and ground lines of communications between India, Burma, and China. USF CT was also to train an effective Sino-American ground team to wage, as early as possible, offensive warfare against the Japanese to secure air bases to support the Pacific offensive.

13 Dec 44
Rear Echelon Hq USF CT established at Kunming. Hq at Chungking became Forward Echelon Hq USF CT.

8 Jan 45
Chinese Combat Command (Provisional) and Chinese Training Command (Provisional) organized as separate and component parts of CT&CC CT. In effect the latter became paper organization and the COs of CCC (Prov) and CTC (Prov) reported directly to CG USF CT. (See Record of Events for CCC and CTC.)

26 Jan 45
Burma Road officially opened. Operational control of road was responsibility of Hq USF CT.

6 Feb 45
Status of OSS, operating in CT under JCS directive, clarified by Hq USF CT. OSS was considered separate command under control of Hq USF CT. It functioned as a special staff section.

6 Apr 45
U.S. Naval Group, China, placed under command and operational control of CG USF CT by JCS, and on 13 May CG USF CT formally directed U.S. Naval Group, China, to operate directly under its control.

20 Apr 45
1st War Area Liaison Team organized at Kunming, and on 2 May constituted and placed under operational control of Hq USF CT.

27 Apr 45
Joint Army-Navy Intel Collection Agency, China, established under command and operational control of USF CT and functioned as a staff section of Hq USF CT.

5 May 45
Chungking Station Command established to administer service functions in Chungking and environs. (See Record of Events for Chungking Station Command.)

1 Jul 45
Tactical Hq, USF CT, established in Kunming as Advance or Field Hq with mission of co-ordinating tactical plans and combat and administrative operations of CTC (Prov), CCC (Prov), SOS, CT, and Fourteenth Air Force.

6 Jul 45
U.S. Army Air Forces, CT, organized as subordinate command of USF CT.

15 Jul 45
Rear Echelon Hq USF CT discontinued at Kunming.

20 Jul 45
Fourteenth Air Force assigned to USAAF CT.

10 Aug 45
Hq USF CT given new mission to become effective when JCS notified it of surrender of Japanese Government. Mission based on principle that U.S. would not support Central Government of China in internal war. Central Government was to have full responsibility for problems involved in surrender and repatriation of enemy troops except where the acceptance of surrender was temporarily delegated to U.S. commanders with the approval of Central Government and CG USF CT. CG USF CT directed to support with military assistance operations of Central Government in occupying all areas of China held by Japanese.

COMMANDERDATE
Maj Gen Claire L Chennault24 Oct 44
Maj Gen Albert C Wedemeyer31 Oct 44
Lt Gen Albert C Wedemeyer (Promotion)1 Jan 45
Maj Gen Claire L Chennault20 Feb 45
Lt Gen Albert C Wedemeyer9 Apr 45

ASSIGNED TO:
War Department24 Oct 44




SERVICES OF SUPPLY,  CHINA THEATER  (SOS CT)

  SOS CT was redesignated from Advance Section No. 1, SOS IBT, on 10 November 1944 with headquarters at Kunming, China. Initially the SOS CT mission was generally the same as that of Advance Section No. 1: responsibility for supply of American personnel in the China Theater (except for supplies peculiar to the Air Forces), engineering projects, transportation, medical service, communications, and other SOS activities.

  On 1 December l944 the SOS CT mission was amplified by Headquarters, USF CT, when it directed SOS to be responsible for handling all types of supplies (except those peculiar to the Air Forces) for U.S. troops in China, for Chinese Training and Combat Command forces and Chinese Tactical Air Forces. It was further directed to receive and issue supplies and equipment to Chinese ministries and to maintain records and reports pertaining to lend-lease supplies. Subsequent changes in the mission of Headquarters, SOS, were made as the situation and territorial responsibility demanded.

  In order to fulfill responsibilities and to promulgate functions of SOS CT, the Chanyi, Kweiyang, Chengtu, and Yunnanyi Area Commands were established on 12 December 1944 and the Paoshan Area Command on 26 December 1944. The Kunming Military Area Command was established on 24 November 1944.

  On 15 April 1945 most of these area commands were redesignated Base Sections. (See record of events for Area Commands and Base Sections). Some of the headquarters of the Base Sections were relocated from time to time.

10 Nov 44
SOS CT redesignated from Advance Section No. 1, SOS CBI, with Hq at Kunming, China.

10 Nov 44
Burma Road Engineers, assigned CT&CC, attached SOS CT.

24 Nov 44
American Kunming SOS Military Area command established. (See Record of Events for Kunming Military Area Command.)

12 Dec 44
Chanyi, Kweiyang, Chengtu, and Yunnanyi Area Commands established. (See Record of Events for these commands.)

26 Dec 44
Paoshan Area command established. (See Record of Events for Paoshan Area Command.)

9 Feb 45
CG SOS CT appointed commander of Chinese SOS (Chinese SOS, activated by the Chinese at Kunming, was modeled after the SOS CT).

15 Apr 45
SOS CT area of responsibility, known as the Communications Zone (CZ), was divided into six Base Sections. (See introduction to Area Commands and Base Sections, SOS CT).

4 May 45
SOS CT received from Hq USF CT a directive stating that SOS primary responsibility was to support U.S. forces in China and Chinese forces within 30 Division Plan (See Record of Events for Y-FOS and Z-FOS). Its secondary mission was to support, advise, assist, and guide Chinese SOS.

4 Jun 45
Communications Zone (CZ) organization established 15 Apr 45, was abolished and reorganized into five Base Sections. (See introduction to Area Commands and Base Sections.)

8 Jul 45
CZ organization of 4 Jun 45 abolished and reorganized.

15 Jul 45
CT Replacement Service organized Kunming and assigned to SOS CT.

COMMANDERDATE
Maj Gen Gilbert X Cheves *12 Nov 44
Maj Gen Henry S. Aurand25 May 45

ASSIGNED TO:
War Department10 Nov 44

*GO-3, USF CT, 10 November 1944, announced General Cheves as commander effective 10 November 1944, however, GO-1, SOS CT, 12 November 1944, shows that he assumed command 12 November 1944.



AREA COMMANDS AND BASE SECTIONS

  SOS CT area commands were established as subordinate commands of USF CT, 12 December 1944. Each area command comprised the territory within a ten-mile radius of the city in which the area command headquarters was established. The area commands were charged with the operation of installations and the enforcement of all directives issued by Headquarters, USF CT, with respect to the conduct and discipline within its area.

  On 15 April 1945 the term area command was abolished and the CZ (SOS CT area of responsibility) was divided into Base Sections Nos. 1, 2 3, 4, and 5, with headquarters at Yunnanyi, Kunming, Chanyi, Kweiyang, and Chihchiang respectively, and Base Section No. 6, with headquarters as selected by 315th Service Group, AAF (Chengtu). The Yunnanyi Area Command (established 12 December 1944) was redesignated Base Section No. 1; Kunming Military Area Command (established 24 November 1944) was redesignated Base Section No. 2; Chanyi Area Command (established 12 December 1944) redesignated Base Section No. 3; Kweiyang Area Command (established 12 December l944) redesignated Base Section No. 4; Chengtu Area Command redesignated Base Section No. 6; and the Paoshan Area Command was disbanded. On 4 June and 8 July 1945 the locations of several base section headquarters were changed again. (See individual base section Record of Events.)



American Kunming Military Area Command
(Kunming Area Command)

24 Nov 44
American Kunming Military Area command established with Hq at Kunming, China, and assigned SOS CT.

16 Feb 45
Base General Depot No. 1 assigned Kunming Area Command. Advance General Depot No. 3 assigned Kunming Area Command.

13 Apr 45
Kunming Area Command redesignated Base Section No. 2.

4 Jun 45
Hq Base Section No. 2 located at Chanyi, China.

8 Jul 45
Hq Base Section No. 2 located at Naming, China.

9 Jul 45
Base General Depot No. 2 (Nanning) activated and assigned Base Section No. 2.

COMMANDERDATE
Col Ralph Owenbyunknown

(Prior or subsequent commanders, if any, are unknown.)



Yunnanyi Area Command
(Base Section No. l)

12 Dec 44
Yunnanyi Area Command established with Hq at Yunnanyi, China, and assigned SOS CT.

16 Feb 45
Intermediate General Depot No. 1 assigned Yunnanyi Area Command.

15 Apr 45
Yunnanyi Area Command redesignated Base Section No. 1.

4 Jun 45
Base Section No. 1 located at Kunming. Base Section No. 1 divided into Districts A, B, and C with Hq at Kunming, Yunnanyi, and Kaiyuan, respectively. Each district operated directly under Hq SOS CT. It is assumed that Hq Base Section No. 1 was discontinued.

COMMANDERDATE
Capt Jack B Reid12 Dec 44
Maj Robert L Bullockunknown

(Prior or subsequent commanders, if any, are unknown.)



Chanyi Area Command
(Base Section No. 3)

12 Dec 44
Chanyi Area command established with Hq at Chanyi, China, and assigned SOS CT.

16 Feb 45
Intermediate General Depot No. 2 assigned Chanyi Area Command.

15 Apr 45
Chanyi Area command redesignated Base Section No. 3.

4 Jun 45
Hq Base Section No. 3 located at Kweiyang, China.

COMMANDERDATE
Maj Maurice C O'Herin12 Dec 44
Lt Col Walter R Mungovanunknown

(Prior or subsequent commanders, if any, are unknown.)



Kweiyang Area Command
(Base Section No. 4)

12 Dec 44
Kweiyang Area Command established with Hq at Kweiyang, China, and assigned SOS CT.

16 Feb 45
Advance General Depot No. 2 assigned Kweiyang Area Command.

15 Apr 45
Kweiyang Area Command redesignated Base Section No. 4.

4 Jun 45
Base Section No. 4 located at Chihchiang, China.

COMMANDERDATE
Maj John H Sharp12 Dec 44

(Prior or subsequent commanders, if any, are unknown.)



Base Section No. 5

15 Apr 45
Base Section No. 5 established at Chihchiang, China, and assigned SOS CT.

7 May 45
Base General Depot No. 5 assigned Base Section No. 3.

4 Jun 45
Hq Base Section No. 5 located at Chengtu, China.

8 Jul 45
Hq Base Section No. 5 located at Hsinching, China.

COMMANDERDATE
unknownunknown





Chengtu Area Command
(Base Section No. 6)

12 Dec 44
Chengtu Area Command established with Hq at Chengtu, China, and assigned SOS CT.

15 Apr 45
Chengtu Area command redesignated Base Section No. 6, and placed under operational control of 315th Service Group, AAF.

4 Jun 45
Base Section No. 6 disbanded.

COMMANDERDATE
Maj Chester A Lee12 Dec 44
Maj Fred Lasleyunknown

(Prior or subsequent commanders, if any, are unknown.)



Paoshan Area Command

26 Dec 44
Paoshan Area Command established with Hq at Paoshan, China, and assigned SOS CT.

16 Feb 45
Advance General Depot No. 1 assigned Paoshan Area Command.

16 Apr 45
Paoshan Area command deactivated.

COMMANDERDATE
Col Everett M Gravesunknown

(Prior or subsequent commanders, if any, are unknown.)

  It is assumed that the Chengtu Area Command was redesignated Base Section No. 6. Although GO 31 left the location of Headquarter Base Section No. 6 to the discretion of 315th Service Group, AAF, a map showing the boundaries of Base Section and the location of their headquarters shows Headquarters Base Section No. 6 at Chengtu. If Chengtu was the headquarter of Base Section No. 6, then under the provisions of GO 31, SOS CT, 15 April 1945 Headquarters Chengtu Area Command was automatically redesignated Base Section 6.



CHINESE COMBAT COMMAND (PROVISIONAL)

8 Jan 45
CCC (Prov) organized Kunming as a component part of CT&CC CT (which became a paper organization). CO of CCC (Prov) reported directly to CG USF CT. Mission of CCC (Prov) was to advise and assist the staffs of the Chinese units to which its personnel were attached in planning for and execution of tactical operations and training.

Boundaries of command comprised all of unoccupied China west to China-Burma border, south to French Indochina border, and east to Japanese-occupied areas.

29 Jan 45
Following sub-areas of CCC (Prov) established: Eastern, Central, Kwangsi, Southern, Western, and Res Commands.

10 Jun 45
CCC (Prov) ordered to prepare detailed schedule of movement of Chinese forces into Nanning - Liuchow - Kweilin staging area.

27 Jul 45
Boundaries of CCC (Prov) defined as combat zone of China Theater, lying to south of a line defined by north and east boundary of 6th War Area to its junction with Yangtze River, then east along the Yangtze; the Yangtze River inclusive was within the CCC (Prov) boundaries.

COMMANDERDATE
Col Albert H Stackpole9 Jan 45
Col Woods King14 Jan 45
Maj Gen Robert B McClure28 Jan 45




CHINESE TRAINING COMMAND (PROVISIONAL)

8 Jan 45
CTC (Prov) organized Kunming as a component part of CT&CC CT (which became a paper organization). CO of CTC (Prov) reported directly to CG USF CT. Mission of CTC (Prov) was to develop a systematized school program for Chinese troops, in order to increase their combat effectiveness,

26 Jan 45
CTC (Prov) activated. It undertook control of Field Artillery Training Center, Command and General Staff School, and Chinese Ordnance Training Center, which were already in existence.

COMMANDERDATE
Brig Gen John W Middleton 8 Jan 45




CHUNGKING STATION COMMAND

15 May 45
Chungking Station Command established with boundaries contiguous with city of Chungking and its environs to administer service functions in this area.

COMMANDERDATE
unknownunknown




SOURCES

A Partial List of the Types of Documents Used in the Preparation of this Section

1. General Orders
    USAF CBI
    USF CT
    SOS CBI
    SOS CT

2. Historical Data Cards, Office of The Adjutant General, CBI Theater

3. Narrative Reports
    History of China Theater
    History of India-Burma Theater
    History of Services of Supply, China-Burma-India
    Histories of Bases and Advance Sections

4. Histories, Department of the Army
    Romanus, Charles, and Riley Sunderland
    Stilwell's Mission to China
    UNITED STATES ARMY IN WORLD WAR II (Washington, 1953)



More CBI History at

CBI ORDER OF BATTLE

www.cbi-history.com

and

REMEMBERING THE FORGOTTEN THEATER

www.cbi-theater.com


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