(English translation on left)
 The North China Marine

VOL. 1.  No. 1.  (New Series)                                                                      NOVEMBER 10, 1945                                                                       TIENTSIN, CHINA.

Surrender In China This historic photograph shows Major General Keller E. Rockey, USMC, Commanding General of the Third Amphibious Corps, accepting the surrender of 50,588 Japanese officers and men in formal ceremonies held in front of the former French Municipal building, Place Georges Clemenceau, Tientsin, China, on Saturday morning October 6, 1945. Thousands of Chinese spectators as well as members of the official Party and grim, battle-toughened Marines, watched Major General Rockey as he placed his steady hand on the document and, on behalf of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and the people of China, accepted the return of the area where the Japanese began their conquest of Asia and the Pacific eight years ago. (For a complete picture-story on other surrenders in China, see Page 4.)

Happy Birthday to You !
General Rockey Tells of “New Cause”
  Tientsin, November 10 - Marine Major General Keller E. Rockey, commanding general of Marine Corps units in North China, today pledged that he and his men have dedicated themselves "to our new cause - the cause of peace."
Major General Keller E. Rockey

  In a radio speech prepared for broadcast to the United States, General Rockey said, on the occasion of the 170th birthday anniversary of the Marine Corps:
  "Many men of our organization are still away from home. They are here in China... some are in Japan... they are on the tiny islands of the Pacific... they are aboard the ships of the Navy. But soon many of them will be home with their families and friends."
  The Third Amphibious Corps commander, who led his men ashore here more than a month ago to assist the Chinese in disarming Japanese troops in North China, also recounted the activities of the Marines during the past year. Said he:
  "One year ago our most advanced striking base against the Japanese was deep in the Central Pacific - more than 3000 miles from here. Victory then was not in sight. Now, 365 days later, we are victorious. We hold in our hands the triumph of peace.
  "It is peace which has been won for us by fighting men - by men who fought and died through jungles and swamps, across atolls and large Pacific islands from the Solomons to Iwo Jima and Okinawa."
  General Rockey, who commanded the Fifth Marine Division, during the epic battle of Iwo Jima, paid further tribute to those "of our number who will not be going home."
  "They are the ones," he said, "who paid the price of our victory. The islands and atolls that dot the Pacific are too heavy with Marine graves to let us forget what we lost in order to win."
III ‘Phib Proud
of Its Record

  The Marine Corps standard was returned to North China by triumphant men, the Marines of the Third Amphibious Corps and its First and Sixth Divisions.
  The Leathernecks who came to help the Chinese disarm the Japs and get the country on a peacetime footing were fresh from the war's last land battle at Okinawa.
  Farther behind them lay other islands whose now-historic names mark the path the Marines beat to victory in the Pacific.
  Commanding the American garrisoning of North China is Marine Major General Keller E. Rockey, who took charge of the corps in the final stages of the Okinawa campaign.
  He, like the organization he leads, has a proud battle record, with service in every war and campaign since the Mexican border troubles preceding World War I.
  The North China operation from the start has been like nothing the Third Amphibious Corps Marines had seen in their trek across the Pacific.
  Landing on docks lined with people cheering instead of battle beaches; through streets thronged with friendly people instead of crawling through jungle underbrush; a toast instead of a target - this was something new.
  For the Third Amphibious Corps had reached the end of a long, hard road.
  Born October 1, 1942, a month before the first American offensive in the Pacific, the organization, then the First Marine Amphibious Corps, took part in every operation in the Solomon Islands, beginning with Guadalcanal.
  With Major General Clayton B. Vogel in command, it served on Guadalcanal; in February, 1943, a Marine-led force of Raiders and Army troops landed in the Russell Islands, and four months later units operating under the Army hit New Georgia.
  The following month Major General Alexander A. Vandegrift succeeded General Vogel as commander. Vandegrift's promotion to lieutenant general and transfer to Washington came in September, 1943.
  His successor, Major General Charles D. Barrett, was killed in an accidental fall only three weeks later and General Vandegrift returned.
  In November of '43 Major General Roy S. Geiger, a pioneer marine pilot and former head of Marine South Pacific aviation, assumed command.
  While these changes were taking place, the Corps wound up the New Georgia campaign, occupied surrounding islands, including Arundel, Gixo and Kolombangara.
  Next came Bougainville, New Zealand troops attached to the Corps for the operation hit the Treasury Islands, October 27, 1943, followed a day by paramarines, serving as infantry, in a strike against Choiseul.
  Meanwhile, Raiders and the Third Marine Division, a part of the Corps at that time, caught Japs off balance with a landing at Empress Augusta Bay.

  The Solomons were secured in early '44, and the last landing of the Marine Amphibious Corps was made March 20, 1944, at Emirau Island in the St. Matthias group. In April the name was changed to the Third Amphibious Corps.
  The organization was handed a big assignment as its initial operation as the Third 'Phib Corps.
  Then comprising the Third Marine Division, the First marine Provisional Brigade (later to become part of the Sixth Marine Division) and the Army 77th Division, the Corps was assigned to liberate Guam. The campaign took 20 days, most of the Japs killed or captured between July 21 and August 10. On September 15 First Division, under Third Corps administration, attacked Peleliu island, one of the most violent Pacific operations.
  then, its composition changed to the First, Second and Sixth Marine Divisions, the corps trained for Okinawa, and the First and Sixth Divisions captured Yontan airfield and adjacent territory on D-Day, April 1. The Sixth Division pushed for 24 days to the island's northern tip, thereby capturing two-thirds of the island's land mass.

  The First Division was rushed in early May to the Naha-Shuri line to aid 10th Army troops. The Sixth Division joined the battle on May 9.
  In breaking the Naha-Shuri line the Sixth captured the capital of Naha, its airfield and Oroku peninsula, and the First stormed Shuri and battled down the defenses of Shuri Castle.
  The island was secured June 21 after the two divisions, with their Army comrades, routed the stubbornly-resisting Japanese from their caves in the southernmost cliffs.

 Marines Accept
 Jap Surrender

  Within a week after the first U.S. Marine units arrived in China, arrangements were made for the surrender of all Japanese forces in North China.
  There were three principal ceremonies - in Tientsin, Peiping and Tsingtao. Marine generals accepted surrenders in two of these.
  Sergeant Bill Rose, a Marine Corps correspondent, described the Tientsin surrender, and his terse description might well apply to all.
  "Surely it is historically significant," Rose wrote, "that this mass surrender of Japanese forces should come in North China. For it was in this area more than eight years ago that the Japanese launched their march of conquest across Asia and much of the Pacific.
  "It was at Tientsin on Saturday morning, October 6, that Japanese Lieutenant General Ginnosuke Uchida, with six impressions from his ivory and jade name seal, signed away part of his empire's holdings. The surrender was accepted by Major General Keller E. Rockey, commanding general of the Third Amphibious Corps, on behalf of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.
  "Also officiating at the ceremonies was Brigadier General William A. Worton, chief of staff of the Third Amphibious Corps, and Lieut. Col. C. P. Van Ness, designated as officer-in-charge of the surrender.
  "As the early morning sun began to warm the thousands of spectators, General Uchida and his aides arrived to sign the documents. Green-clad Marines of the First Division, who just three months before had fought the Japs on Okinawa, formed an honor-guard for the historic moment. In less than half an hour, the surrender was over.
  "The Japanese, in single file, placed their centuries-old Samurai swords on the simple wooden table which had served for the signing, and marched away into oblivion. The First Division Band played the Star and Stripes, the Chinese National Anthem, and the Marine Hymn. Countless Chinese and thousands of Americans cheered.
  "Peace had returned to North China..."
  The Peiping surrender was accepted by Chinese General Sun Lien-chung, commander of the Eleventh War Zone, from Japanese Gen. Hiroshi Nemoto, commander-in-chief of Japanese Expeditionary Forces. This was also a colorful ceremony held on the Dragon Pavement, a lofty marble terrace in front of the Tai Ho Tien, the "Supreme Harmony Throne Hall" of Peiping.
  There a great table, covered with rich red cloth, stood on the terrace center on a rich imperial yellow carpet. Present for the surrender were Marine General DeWitt Peck, commanding the First marine Division, and Brigadier Gen. William A. Worton, chief of staff of the Third Amphibious Corps, and members of the First Regiment.
  The surrender date was significant - it was October 10, China's "Double Ten," the anniversary of the founding of the Republic of China.
  The surrender of troops of the Japanese Fifth Independent Mixed Brigade was made in Tsingtao on October 25 by Major General Eji Nagano, to Marine Major General Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr., commanding general of the Sixth Marine Division. Lieutenant Gen. Chen pao-tsang, represented the Chinese Ministry of War.
  Thus did Marines accomplish the first phase of their mission in China.

This is How We Felt on Okinawa . . . How About China?                                                                                 (By Sgt. Roland G. James USMCR.)

  This issue of "The North China Marine" was put together by a temporary staff of Marine writers, editors and artists assembled on short notice.
  We need help. If you have had any newspaper or writing experience and wish to join the staff of this newspaper, please apply to The Editor, North China Marine, Special Services Section, Third Amphibious Corps, Tientsin, China.
  Contributions are welcome. News items, features, poetry, Letters to the Editor, fiction, cartoons and drawings will be used and full credit given authors and artists.
Salute To North China Marines
  Appearance of this issue of The North China Marine - the first published since November, 1941 - will recall many happy memories to Marines and their friends all over China, because the Marines in China have published newspapers and magazines of one kind or another here since about 1927.
  This new publication, which makes its appearance on the 170th birthday of the United States Marine Corps, is illustrated, written and edited entirely by Marines, and intended for the entertainment of members of the corps.
  However, it will find its way all over the world, because Marines will pass it on to friends in Tientsin, Peiping and other China shore stations and ships, and they will mail it to the folks at home. For that reason, it should represent the best talent available.
  And as this issue finds its way among old friends, many among them will wonder what's become of the old gang. There aren't many left. Major General Dewitt Peck, who in December of 1941 was commanding officer of the Fourth Marines when they were awarded the Five-Star Battle Streamer, is now the commanding general, First Marine Division.
  Another familiar name is that of Lieut. Colonel James C. Bennett, one-time editor of the Tientsin Marine, who was in Tientsin as supply officer for the Seventh Service Regiment until he went back to the United States last week.

  But what has become of the old editorial staff of the North China Marine which made its last appearance on the 166th birthday of the Marine Corps?
  We know the whereabouts of one staff man in particular. He is young, handsome Edward James Duggan, 27, of Santa Monica, California, who was the last managing editor of the North China Marine. Sergeant William Martin Camp, a Marine Corps combat correspondent, interviewed Duggan shortly after the Japs surrendered.
  Camp saw Duggan in Northern Luzon at a rest area for liberated U.S. Marine prisoners-of-war. Duggan, who used to write editorials and take a lot of good-natured kidding from his buddies in "C" Company and Headquarters Company here, was carrying a faded Jap flag. That flag represented a lot of things to Duggan.
  In September 1941, Duggan was among about 40 Marines who were sent to the Philippines from Tientsin and Peiping when the command in North China was reduced in size. Duggan was in the Philippines when the Japs attacked there on December 8, 1941, and he fought throughout the defense of the Philippines until Corregidor fell on May 6, 1942.
  Then Duggan, with hundreds of other Marines, soldiers and sailors, was taken prisoner. He was in many Jap prison camps, and suffered many humiliations and a great deal of torture during his imprisonment.
  More than a year ago he was transferred from another camp to the notorious Fukuoka Camp No. 17 in the Omuta District of Kyushu, Japan. There he was put to work deep in a coal mine, where Marines slaved from "tinko to tinko" - 12 hours a day at hard labor on scant rations of fish heads and rice. Many a Marine, harder and tougher than Duggan, failed to survive the cruelties of the Japanese.
  Every day for more than a year Duggan looked at the big Jap flag which flew atop the prison shack used as an administration building. And as he went down into the mine every day, he cursed that flag and all it represented.
  Then at last came the word of Japanese surrender.
  When last seen, the former managing editor of the North China Marine had the flag spread out on the deck and was walking on it.
  We're putting Duggan on the mailing list for this first issue of the new North China Marine, and we'll send it on to any other Marine who ever contributed to the old publication in any way.
  And the best we can hope is that they like us as much as we liked them. They can be assured that the "New China Hands" are doing well by them and their old friends. In other words, "the Marines have landed and the situation is well in hand." - W.M.C.

Peiping Still Marine Paradise

By J. Campbell Bruce, USIS

  PEIPING, China - At Hempels Bar the other day an Army pilot who had come from Hankow the previous night remarked that he was pulling out again for Hankow again that day.
  "That's too bad," replied an habitue, an old Peiping hand, with deep regret in his voice, "because Peiping is about the best place in China."
  The habitue was guilty there of a little too much territorial reserve for Peiping is one of the best places on earth - with the exception of course of your own stateside home town. Peiping is in fact a city of enchantment, almost incredibly colorful.
  In contrast to the backwoods cities of southwestern China, where most of the GI's in this theater sweated out the war - or to those steamy
malarial jungles - Peiping in the first enthralling view from the air seems unreal, a fantasy, actually something out of this world.
  Planing in you see below the yellow glaze tiled-roofs of the Imperial pavilions and temples of Forbidden City glittering golden in the sunlight; the various embassies standing in their spacious grounds like Hollywood homes - well, d=some Hollywood homes -; the ancient gray walls partition the outer and inner cities.
  On the surface Peiping, cultural center of China for centuries and long the seat of emperors until the common people took over in 1911, is no less impressive. Wide, clean, smoothly asphalted thoroughfares, bisected by lovely parkways, teem with ricsha, pedicab and bicycle traffic, frequently scattered like chickens by the petulant honk of a late model Buick or Ford V-8.
  Although closeup the major hotels - Wagon Lits, Peking, Du Nord - and the temples and pavilions of Imperial City, Forbidden City and the Winter Palace show signs of disrepair from the long Jap occupation, there is outwardly in the city little evidence of the wanton pawing over by the Japs.
  On the practical side, as happened at Shanghai after the swabbies swarmed ashore, prices here are fast soaring with the influx of American dollars in the pockets of silk and jade-hunting Marines.
  Month ago when Peiping was virgin territory for the souvenir and scotch seeker, a Mandarin coat sold for about $5. Canadian Club sold for the same, real honest-to-god Johnny Walker black label for about $7.
  But gastronomically speaking there's as much to satisfy the belly here as there is in beauty to feast the soul.
  As for babes - well, I tell you, Peiping is well worth a visit for any guy!

2 Red Cross Clubs Open In Tientsin
 By Sergeant George Liapes

  One of the most elaborate and successful American Red Cross programs in the Pacific theater has been set up for Marines of the III Amphibious Corps billeted in the Tientsin-Peiping area.
  In Tientsin the ARC, under Regional Field Director Ed Godfrey of Cleveland, O., has secured the use of two large buildings. They are the Concordia, or former German Club, on Woodrow Wilson Road, and the former French Club on Rue de France.
  First to open was the canteen in the former German Club which was in full swing within a few days after the Marines arrived. It was staffed by white civilian hostesses who arranged dances, snack luncheons and a schedule of entertainment that was a treat to the Leathernecks fresh from the Pacific campaign.
  The second canteen, in the former French Club, opened on October 31.
  Club hours are from 2 p.m. to 10 p.m. daily and from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m. on Sundays. Sports facilities include bowling, billiards and ping pong.

‘Things Chinese..’
  (The following are excerpts from the Tientsin Evening Journal column by Sergeant William Martin Camp, USMC, author of "Retreat, Hell!" and "Skip to My Lou," two recent novels.)
  A Marine who said "Gung Ho," after the fashion of Colonel Carlson's Raiders to a Chinese passer-by the other day, wondered why the Chinese grinned broadly and bowed. Finally an English-speaking Chinese explained to the Marine that "Kung ho fa ts'ai" meant "Congratulations! May you gather wealth." The Marine just shrugged and passed on.

*   *   *
  To the unturned ear of the Occidental, Chinese music is a weird and unimpressive concoction of noises made by stringed lutes, guitars and violins, or the whining flutes and clarionets, bells, chimes and gongs.
  We have a Chinese friend who, upon hearing the Marine Band concert last Sunday in Victoria park, was asked what he thought of it. "I'm afraid," he replied, "that it has no harmony."
  And to show you how much the Chinese appreciate their own music, here's what you'll find in "Gems of Chinese Literature" about the sound of a Chinese symphony:
  "** Softly, as the murmur of whispered words, now loud and soft together, like the patter of pearls and pearlets dropping upon a marble dish. Or liquid, like the warbling of the mango-bird in the bush; trickling like the streamlet on its downward course. And then, like the torrent, stilled by the grip of frost, so for a moment the music lulled, in a passion too deep for words.***"

*   *   *
  The last four lines of the poem, "A Soldier's Wife to Her Husband," by Li T'ai-po, the Chinese bard, expresses our sentiments nicely:
  "When victory crowns your arms, And I your triumph learn, What bliss for me to fly To welcome your return."

*   *   *
  Stateside newspapers just received in delayed mail tell how the "Rootin' Tootin'" Third Fleet hit San Francisco October 15, with 7,000 sailors and Marines ready for discharge. Fred Duerr, writing in the San Francisco Chronicle, said every man had in his pockets from $400 to $1600 in payroll savings, "plus other funds accumulated when the proper symbols showed up at the proper time on cards and dice."
  We wonder if "inflation" prices hit San Francisco as they did when the Marines landed in China.

*   *   *

Back At The Old Stand:
It May Look Like A Butcher-Shop
But It’s Still Good Old Hempel’s

  PEIPING, Nov. 10. - It didn't take the Marines long to ferret out the famous old hangout of their predecessors here - the old-time leathernecks of the Legation Guard - and now the joint rings nightly with laughter and chatter, jive out of an ancient juke box, the clank and clinking of slugs as some guy hits the jackpot and the merry gurgling of beer.
  The place is Hempel's, a modest exteriored one-story building with a russet brick and stone front, huddled up against an imposing three-story structure on Peiping's famed Hatamen Street directly across from the old Polo Grounds.

  Enter Hempel's and you think you're in a butcher shop. Behind a glass partitioned counter a gray-haired, solemn visaged woman is eternally cutting up thick, juicy steaks.
  Walk on through and you emerge into a cozy, cheerful little bar and eatery that might have been lifted bodily out of San Francisco, Albuquerque, Peoria, Pittsburgh or Milford, Mass. With the butcher shop front, it even has the full flavor of an old Prohi days' speak.
  There are two slot machines - Mills Novelty Co., Chicago, makers - that use yen-holed slugs, $10 FRB each.
  But wait, what's that you hear? By God, if it isn't "Shave, Haircut, Shampoo," recorded by none other than Swing and Sway with Sammy Kaye! It's coming from a mammoth juke box, also a Mills make, vintage circa 1927, almost the vintage of some of these leatherneck veterans now whooping it up here.
  At the mahogany, six-customer-at-a-time bar - minus, regrettably, a brass rail - you can get a tasty snort of vodka and vermouth bitters for $150 FRB.
  Like any Stateside joint, the menu is tacked up on the wall and boasts, in a haphazard scrawl: Steak, $1000; ham and (3) eggs, $550; bacon and (3) eggs, $500;
coffee (none of that boiled inner tube stuff, but reminiscent of something like Hills Bros.), $100.
  A touch of home also are the fall and winter landscapes, old prints on the wall, and of course a print of puppies and an innocent-eyed gal of yore. Homey, too, are the open booths with their high, red leather backed seats.
  But of deepest interest to the visiting marines today is the shiny, worn, round table where the leathernecks of the old Legation Guard tipped their mugs and regaled each other with tales on many a prewar night.
  Also screwed into the table top here and there are name plates (gold ones for those who have passed on). Here are a few name-plate reminders of those old days: S. Bonner, P. Johnson, Harry Bryan, Butch Dyson, Balloon Walters and (gold plates) E. Litke, Jack Fliey (a sergeant major) and C. Anner.
  Hempel's, 49 Hatamen Street, was opened in 1902 by Pa Hempel (his gold name plate says he died February 11, 1940), shortly after he was discharged
from the German Embassy Guard following the Boxer Rebellion.
  He was bought out in 1928 by Frank E. Gowen, an ex-Marine from Newbury Port, Mass. He had been with the Legation Guard here and was discharged in Peiping. Gowen later married one of Pa Hempel's daughters, Olga, and when things began to get jittery he returned with her to the States on the first evacuation boat, the Mariposa, in November of 1940.
  His partner, A. J. Herrick, Providence, R.I., joined the Marines in 1918, went to France, came to Peiping as a member of the Embassy Guard in 1925, was discharged in 1935 and at once bought a half interest in Hempel's.

The Craziest Thing Here Is Mickey Mouse Money
  The craziest thing in Tientsin and Peiping is the money. Under the Jap regime the Chinese yuan or dollar was replaced by notes issued by the puppet Federal Reserve bank - the so-called FRB dollar which was supposedly on a par with the Japanese yen but which was actually backed by nothing more consequential than the North China air.
  There was no confidence in this bogus currency and roller coaster inflation was the inevitable result.
  At the time of the Marine landing the exchange was about 2000 to 1. One American "gold" dollar would buy 2000 FRB. After the arrival of the Americans the exchange teetered back and forth between 1:2200 and 1:1750 and then began to steadily climb, reaching a peak of 1:4200 in the third week of October. Then it fell and leveled off momentarily at from 1:3000 to 1:3200.
  Much of this fluctuation was caused by speculation by money exchangers. Immediately after the arrival of the Marines, money exchange shops mushroomed all over the city as speculators elbowed in to convert their paper puppet money into solid Yankee dollars.
  So confused is the banking situation that short term commercial loans bring 30 percent monthly interest and gold was selling at 75 or more American dollars per liang - the Chinese gold unit weighing 31 grams and about 5 grams less than the American ounce. Which means that gold in China is worth roughly twice the pegged rate in the United States.
  The official Chungking currency is the Chinese National Currency or CNC. At the present time the CNC ratio in Tientsin hovers around 1:450 to 1:500. Eventually CNC will replace all puppet currencies.
  In Shanghai there is another form of bogus money - the CRB issued by the Jap-controlled Central Reserve Bank.
Sign on a Tingtsao business house:
"Long Life to the American Allies.
For sale - good luggage - cheap!
Hurry Back!"

  Therefore by making a two-way switch CNC can be obtained in Shanghai at at rate of about 900 CNC to one American dollar. Speculators able to make the trip between Shanghai and Tientsin have doubled their money by buying CNC in Shanghai and converting to FRB in Tientsin.
  But speculation is a dangerous business for Americans. Safest bet is to keep most of your funds in dependable U.S. dollars and convert only enough into local currencies to take care of your daily expenses.

Sign on a Tientsin barber shop:
"Marines heads cut off here.
Ladies heads cut fine."

Here's How To Tell If It's A Chinese General

  More than one Marine has been admittedly "snowed" by the ranks and uniforms worn by Chinese military personnel. When it comes to differentiating between a Chinese second lieutenant and private, most American troops are completely in the dark. In general, the system of identification parallels that of the Japanese army.
  First of all, Chinese officers are distinguished by rectangular collar tabs, edged by gold, worn on both sides of their uniform collars. Ranks are signified by triangles and bars on the insignia while the branch of service is represented by a series of different colored backgrounds.
  For instance, a Chinese infantry officer would be designated by an
insignia with a red background. Cavalry officers wear yellow insignia; artillery, blue; engineers, white; transportation, black; signal corps, grey; medical corps, green; paymaster, purple; and mechanized, silver.
  Distinguishing one rank from another is a simple matter once you become familiar with the number of triangles or bars worn on the insignia. For example one bar, running lengthwise, plus one triangle, designates the rank of second lieutenant. One bar and two triangles denote a first lieutenant, while one bar with three triangles superimposed represents a captain. Majors are entitle to wear tabs composed of two bars and one triangle, Lieutenant colonels have two bars as well as two triangles, and full colonels wear two bars with three triangles.
  When you see a Chinese officer wearing an insignia with a gold background accentuated by one triangle it would be well to treat him with proper respect for he is a major general. A lieutenant general can be easily identified by his two triangles on a gold background, while a full general wears three triangles on the same color background.
  Chinese enlisted men are identified in the same manner as officers. Their rates are shown by the number of triangles they wear on their collar tabs the major difference being that there is no gold edging on the enlisted man's insignia. One triangle designates a private; two triangles, private first class; three triangles, superior private; one triangle on a gold bar, corporal; two triangles and a bar, sergeant; and three triangles on a gold bar denote a sergeant major.

  What would a Marine want, first thing, after serving from 10 to 30 months in foxholes throughout the Pacific? According to a story by Sergeant Wayne F. Young of Cleveland, Ohio, the first thing Marines of the Sixth Division wanted was a bath. And they got what they wanted, too, in the best bathhouses of Tsingtao, where a manicure and pedicure are thrown in for good measure.

 Invader Is Vanquished . . .
Salutes from United States Marines and the Japanese alike signify the end of Japanese domination.
Japanese Lieutenant General Giosuke Uchida salutes General Rockey at the start of signing surrender papers in Tientsin. Lieut. Colonel C. P. Van Ness, Officer in Charge of the Surrender, is at left.
General Uchida's aide looks on remorsefully as his chief (seated) signs the documents. All surrender papers were signed thrice, in Japanese, Chinese and English. Japs were first to sign.
Ten thousand troops in Shantung Province were handed over by the Japanese to Major General Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr., commanding the Sixth Marine Division during formal surrender ceremonies pictured here in Tsingtao, October 25, 1945.

MAJOR GENERAL KELLER E. ROCKEY, USMC, Commanding General; LIEUTENANT COLONEL J. H. McMILLAN, USMCR, Special Services Officer; 2ND LIEUTENANT R. D. LYONS, USMCR, Officer-in-Charge; Sgt. WILLIAM MARTIN CAMP, Editorial Advisor; Corp. VICTOR I. BUMAGIN, Managing editor. STAFF: Corp. William J. Mangum, Sports; Pvt. Jack Sloan, Corp. Edward Daily, Corp. William F. Hart, Circulation Advisor. CONTRIBUTORS: S/Sgt. Norris Anderson, Sgt. Roland G. James, S/Sgt. Wayne F. Young, Sgt. John O. Davies, Jr., Corp. Arthur Sarett, Corp. Fred Travis.

NOVEMBER 10, 1945

Original issue of THE NORTH CHINA MARINE shared by Jeff Titchenal

Image of General Rockey has been added to this re-creation

Copyright © 2017 Carl Warren Weidenburner