Vol. IV No. 13 Reg. No. L5015 Delhi, Thursday, Dec. 6, 1945
The United Press reported that Hurley resigned because "career diplomats" were reportedly undermining his efforts to unify opposing factions in China. According to the United Press, the probe is expected to grow out of his charge, which has stirred up hot pro and con discussions in the Stateside press.
Meanwhile, in Chungking, Lt. Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer, U.S. commander in China, was reported by Army News Service as telling newsmen that he believed Marshall is being sent to China "to make a survey of the situation and make appropriate recommendations to President Truman concerning future United States assistance or military aid to China."
It appeared that before Marshall leaves for China, however, he will be called to testify before the joint Congressional committee investigating the Pearl Harbor disaster.
Marshall, who went into retirement only a week ago, will act as Hurley's successor only temporarily, the news services reported, and will be known as a special envoy instead of ambassador.
The selection of Marshall was hailed throughout the country. The observation was made that as chief of staff of the U.S. Army, he was in a position to be well informed on the situation in the Far East, including the position of the British, Dutch and French. There was some conjecture, according to press reports, that he might even visit Indonesia.
Army News Service noted that Marshall is going to China at a time when there is growing concern in the United States over the possibility of Civil War in China as a result of a dispute between the Central and Communist forces.
By selecting a five-star general to succeed one with two stars, rather than choosing a civilian diplomat, Army News Service said President Truman appeared to be emphasizing again the viewpoint that the present top job in China id the disarming of Japanese troops. Both War and State Departments have reported repeatedly in recent weeks that U.S. troops are in North China only to facilitate the surrender of Jap forces and not as instruments of American foreign policy.
Hurley's resignation, which was reported to have come as a full surprise to President Truman, was accompanied by the statement that American foreign policy had failed in Asia.
ANS quoted Hurley as saying in a 1,500-word, formal statement that the U.S. "finished the war in the Far East furnishing lend-lease supplies and using all our reputation to undermine democracy and bolster imperialism and communism."
He said President Roosevelt sent him to China to prevent the collapse of the Chiang Kai-shek government and to keep the Chinese Army in the war. However, he continued, "our professional diplomats continuously advised the Communists that my efforts in preventing collapse of the National Government did not represent the policy of the United States."
70,333 I-B; CHINA TROOPS HOME
Roundup Staff Article
More than 70,000 troops from the India-Burma and China Theaters have been returned to the United States, Navy Secretary James V. Forrestal reported Saturday in Washington according to Army News Service.
Forrestal listed returnees from the India-Burma and China Theaters as totaling 70,333 troops. At the same time he disclosed that 36 ships now being used to ship troops to the United States from the China and I-B Theaters have a total capacity of 96,356 personnel.
In his Washington statement, Secretary Forrestal disclosed that a transportation crisis is developing on the West Coast where the rate of troops returning is exceeding the capacity of the railroads.
Forrestal's statement listed a total of 3,469,415 Army and Navy personnel as having been returned to the United States from all overseas theaters. Largest theater represented was the ETO from whence 2,251,338 troops have been sent to the United States.
A history of Merrill's Marauders, famous U.S. outfit that cleared the Japanese out of the North Burma jungles, will be available at the end of January. Anyone desiring a copy may procure one by writing to the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. The War Department has already mailed copies to every living member of the Marauders.
|T/Sgt. Harry Flynn and S/Sgt. John Kapp of the 1311th ATC BU at Gaya are explaining photos bought from the two Tibetan women at Sarnath. These women were part of a large group of Tibetan pilgrims.|
|T/Sgt. Sidney Cohen of the 1311th ATC BU at Gaya, examines some of the Buddhist sculpture around the Bodh Gaya Temple, built as a monument to the Lord Buddha because it was at this place that he first received his "enlightenment."|
|LEFT: Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Vice-Chancellor of Benares Hindu University, poses with Sgts. Kapp and Flynn. Sir Radhakrishnan, who teaches Eastern religions and ethics at Oxford University, plans to visit America. CENTER: Temple of Bodh Gaya - erected on the spot where Lord Buddha received his enlightenment. Built many hundreds of years ago, it is excellently preserved. Until quite recently when the area was excavated, almost the entire temple was underground. RIGHT: Sgt. Kapp prepares to photograph some of the many stone idols which adorn the banks of the Ganges at Benares. The image on the left is Hanuman, God of Power; center is the emblem of Shiva (lingam and yoni), God of Life; on the right is Ganesh, God of Wealth or Luck. Pictures were furnished the Roundup by T/Sgt. Edward Wein of Public Relations.|
|Sgts. Kapp and Flynn pause for a few moments to watch some of the Hindu bathers at one of the many bathing ghats in the river Ganges at Benares. To bathe in the sacred waters of the Ganges in an attempt to wash away their worldly sins, some devout Hindus travel hundreds of miles - sometimes on foot. It is a famous mecca for religious persons from the whole of Asia.|
|One of the many burning ghats on the banks of the Ganges at Benares. As the bodies are carried to the ghats, the pallbearers chant "Ram nam satya haie," which means "God is a true God." Prior to placing the bodies upon the logs for cremation, they are sprinkled with the holy river water. After the bodies are burnt, the ashes are strewn upon the waters to be carried away by the tide.|
USAAF WAC'S MODEL SARIS AT CALCUTTA
AAF Staff Correspondent
HQ., ARMY AIR FORCES, INDIA-BURMA, CALCUTTA - Nine Air Headquarters WAC's recently shed their khaki and olive drab in favor of rainbow-brilliant saris, going native for a modeling show sponsored by the American Red Cross here.
A parade of the Detachment's most attractive girls stepped out on a specially-constructed chorus ramp under the spot of colored lighting to display the latest and best in Indian feminine wearing apparel. The gowns varied widely from a little number which appeared to be torn from the pages of Alexandre Dumas' cloaked warriors to the inverted "bell-bottom" pajamas of the American "zoot-suit."
The runway, encircled by G.I.'s squatting Navajo style, was trimmed in blue and yellow and carpeted in jute. To get this audience of cheesecake starved troopers into the proper mood of reception, the show was musically introduced by the Song of India, which bears none of the flavor of its title, nevertheless apropos.
GET A LOAD
Each girl was introduced and her gown described by an M.C. as she sauntered by the opened mouths of her co-workers. Toward the rear of the crowd G.I. criterions remarked as usual, "Hey Jack - get a load of Gracie." or "Guess that one will have to return to the States under the immigration quota."
Although the fellows were humored by seeing the gal that works next door going native, the program was well-conducted and definitely a success. The costumes, procured by Miss Katie Ferry, ARC, from Capt. and Mrs. Minchoa, a Punjab family affiliated with the Bengal-Assam Railroad Co., and Mr. Saha, a local employee, are valued at many a rupee.
Onlookers found them all very striking, particularly so when glittering under the colored spotlights with a background of soft music. Most of the models wore ear rings of gold and silver set with stones, plus the clanking chain of heavy bracelets borrowed from the WAC's personal "Ayahs" (maids).
Highlight of the evening was the modeling performance by the vivacious Sgt. Dorajean Ellis. Adorned in the bright and strong design of Madras, with bare midriff. Sgt. Ellis set the house in an uproar by a series of "oomph" poses from the runway. With one hand to the back of the head, the other to a hip, a tilted knee, exposed ankle, and a gorgeous smile. Dorajean touched off the fuse that made the very ground shake.
Although it was inevitable that the WAC's should have a good old fashioned clothing exchange while in India, it is hoped that the men won't take it to heart and begin to sport the Hindu take-off on our three-cornered pants.
|Miss Elinor Grant, ARC, who plays the aged Aunt Kate in the 40th Special Services production of "Personal Appearance" starts to apply the cream of antiquity.|
|Here's Elinor fully made up. Anyone with enough curiosity to get an idea of how they will look in the distant future cab get the makeup instructions from Miss Grant.|
REDS IN CHINA
HOLD U.S. FLIERS
SHANGHAI - (UP) - No results have been obtained in efforts to negotiate the release of several U.S. Marine airmen held prisoner by Chinese communists, Lt. Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer's headquarters announced this week.
Attempts had been made to contact Communist headquarters and the Central Chinese government had also made queries, but without results.
|HEIGHT IS MIGHT . . Typical of the action which will mark the I.B.T. basket tourney which starts Dec. 10 in Calcutta, is this scene from the Calcutta area finals. Craddock (left) of the Panagarh Ramblers and Charlie Snow of the Tollygunge Staters lunge for the pelota. Panagarh won, 36-33.|