|My Dad in CBI|
|United States Army Service Record 1942-1945|
The China-Burma-India Theater|
Ledo, Assam, India where Dad served was headquarters for northern Burma operations and the Ledo Road.
The Forgotten Theater
Officially established 3 March 1942, the China-Burma-India Theater of Operations (CBI) is often referred to as the Forgotten Theater of World War II. The European, Mediterranean, and Pacific theaters received more supplies, more manpower, and more publicity than did CBI. Of the 12.3 million Americans under arms at the height of mobilization, only about 250,000 were assigned to CBI and comparatively few Americans were in combat in China, Burma, or India. CBI was important however to the overall Allied war effort because of early plans to base air and naval forces in China for an eventual assault on Japan. Allied forces, mostly British, Chinese, and Indian, also engaged large numbers of Japanese troops that might have otherwise been used elsewhere. America's major contribution in CBI was war materials and the manpower to get it to where it was needed. Army Air Forces flew supplies to China while Army Engineers built the Ledo Road to open up a land supply route. Except for stories of "Vinegar Joe" Stilwell, Merrill's Marauders, and a few others, CBI did not often make headlines in the newspapers back home. The early importance of CBI quickly faded as the war progressed. Thus the Forgotten Theater label that remains to this day.
Map shows boundaries revised as the war progressed
General Joseph W. Stilwell
The Ledo Road was built by American Engineers who called it Pick's Pike after General Lewis A. Pick. It was intended to bypass the cutoff portion of the supply line to China. After completion it and the upgraded portion of the Burma Road were renamed Stilwell Road after the American Commanding General Joseph W. Stilwell.
The Ledo Road
The United States began to help China defend itself even before the attack on Pearl Harbor. Lend-lease aid began in April of 1941 and in June the American Volunteer Group (The Flying Tigers) was sent to fly missions against the Japanese. Because of Japanese advances in China, Indochina, and Burma, getting lend-lease supplies to China proved difficult. The Japanese had essentially blocked all access to Chinese ports. By May of 1942 Japan had cut the Burma Road supply line and occupied most of Burma. The Burma Road was built by the Chinese during the Sino-Japanese War. It ran from Kunming, China to Lashio in Burma. Lashio was the railhead of a line from Rangoon. War supplies landed at Rangoon were transported by rail to Lashio and then over the Burma Road to Kunming. With Rangoon blocked, an alternative supply route was needed. General Stilwell's operations officer, Lieutenant Colonel Frank D. Merrill recommended building a road from Ledo, Assam, India, across northern Burma to link up with the Burma Road. Ledo was chosen because it was close to the northern terminus of the railroad from Calcutta, and was at the northern end of a caravan route out of Burma.
Winston Churchill called the project "an immense, laborious task, unlikely to be finished until the need for it has passed." The proposed route went through some of the toughest terrain in the world. Northern Burma included jungle covered mountains and swampy valleys. The mountains were formidable land barriers reaching heights of eight to ten thousand feet. The valleys were tropical rain forests where clearings were really swamps covered with elephant grass 8 to 10 feet tall. Add to that leeches, malaria bearing mosquitoes, typhus carrying mites and a six month monsoon season averaging 140 inches of rain. All complicated by the presence of a veteran Japanese force.
Chinese troops would face the Japanese force in the North Burma campaign. To support them General Stilwell organized a Service of Supply (SOS) under the command of General Raymond A. Wheeler, a career Army Engineer who had won recognition as a road builder in the Argonne Forest campaign of World War I. Wheeler established Base Section 3 at Ledo and construction of warehouses, barracks, a hospital, and base roads was begun. SOS was responsible for construction of the road in India and Burma which began on 16 December 1942.
On 28 February 1943 the Ledo Road reached the India-Burma border. In March, early monsoon rains poured down. The engineers were constantly wet, equipment skidded off into ditches, and even pack animals could not transport needed supplies. Airdrops became necessary to supply the road builders. Progress on the road was slow.
On 17 October 1943, General Wheeler placed General Lewis A. Pick in charge of the road building effort. Pick had been in charge of the Missouri River Basin project and knew that drainage was the most important part of road building. Due to the monsoons, the road had developed into a drainage project and "drainage was his business". Pick stated the road was going to be built, "rain, mud, and malaria be damned". Pick's driving force and the end of the monsoons allowed the road to be moved ahead at about a mile a day by November 1943. Progress slowed again, this time due to Japanese resistance. Besides the land and weather obstacles, the Engineers also had to deal with the Japanese. The road project was a balancing act between construction and warfare. As it pushed ahead the Japanese had to be forced back. Much of the offensive was led by General Stilwell commanding Chinese troops. Merrill's Marauders also pushed the Japanese back. After successes and setbacks, Myitkyina was finally taken 3 August 1944.
Road construction proceeded with Chinese engineers out front, clearing a trace, followed by American engineers bulldozing the roadbed. Next an Aviation battalion cleared the right-of-way to a width of one hundred feet. Other companies were responsible for grading the road, placing culverts, and constructing the necessary bridges. Finally, gravel was spread for the final road surface. The completed road also had to be maintained. There were constant washouts, mudslides, and other problems, mostly due to the monsoons. Engineers worked to correct the problems and keep the road open.
By early January 1945 the 465 mile long Ledo Road had been linked to the old Burma Road to complete the 1,079 mile land route to China. General Pick led the first convoy on 12 January 1945 from Ledo to Kunming China. Along were reporters and members of units that had built the road. The convoy reached Kunming on 4 February 1945.
On 20 May 1945, Pick formally announced completion of the Ledo Road, calling it the toughest job ever given to U. S. Army Engineers in wartime. At the suggestion of Chiang Kai-shek it was renamed Stilwell Road, but was known to the engineers who built it as "Pick's Pike". Presently both the Ledo and Burma Roads are mostly in a state of disrepair, having long ago lost their importance. Some parts are in use and being upgraded. One part of the Ledo Road goes through Burmese jungle "uninhabitable by humans" and is now a wildlife refuge. Read More about and View a Slide Show of the Ledo Road.
American Supply Services
For the American supply services, their performance in the CBI Theater represented their finest hours. The tremendous distances, the difficult terrain, the inefficiencies in transport, and the complications of Indian politics presented formidable obstacles to efficient logistics. Nevertheless, by early 1944, American logisticians had developed an efficient supply system whose biggest problem was the time needed to ship material from the United States. The supply services expanded the port capacity of Karachi and Calcutta, enhanced the performance of India's antiquated railroad system through improved maintenance and scheduling, and developed techniques of air supply to support Chinese and American forces in the rugged terrain of North Burma. Lend-Lease supplies shipped from the United States arrived in Calcutta and Karachi, were then loaded on rail cars, and sent north. In Ledo, supplies were sorted and warehoused until needed. Supplies were then flown over The Hump to Kunming, China or air-dropped to front line forces in Burma. Despite the skepticism of the British and other observers, American engineers overcame the rugged mountains and rain forests of North Burma to complete the Ledo Road which, joined to the old Burma Road, together named Stilwell Road, reopened the line to China. Completion of the Ledo Road allowed war materiel and other supplies to be trucked to China, relieving the Air Transport Command of the difficult task of flying everything over The Hump. Read more about Supplies for the Troops in Burma.
Japanese occupation of Burma in 1942 had cut off the Burma Road, the last land route by which the Allies could deliver aid to the Chinese Government of Chiang Kai-shek. Until the Burma Road could be retaken and the Ledo Road completed, the only supply route available was the costly and dangerous route for transport planes over the Himalayas between India'a Assam Valley and Kunming, China. This route became known as the Himalayan Hump or simply The Hump. While the route kept the transports relatively free from enemy attack (Enemy action destroyed only seven aircraft, killing 13 men) it led over rugged terrain, through violent storms, with snow and ice at the higher altitudes the planes flew over the mountains. Flying the Himalayan Hump would turn out to be some of the most dangerous flying in the world. Over the course of action there were 460 aircraft and 792 men lost. Still, the operations were a success. There were 167,285 trips that moved 740,000 tons of material to support Chinese troops and other Allied forces. Read more about Flying The Hump.
Map showing military airlift route over the Himalayas between Assam, India and Kunming, China, known as The Hump.
Also shown is the planned route of the Ledo Road to connect to the Burma Road. The shaded area is Japanese occupied Burma.
The Marauders, named after their commander Brigadier General Frank D. Merrill, officially the 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional) and code named GALAHAD, were 3,000 volunteer soldiers who marched and fought through jungles and over mountains from the Hukawng Valley in northwestern Burma to Myitkyina on the Irrawaddy River. In 5 major and 30 minor engagements they met and defeated the veteran soldiers of the Japanese 18th Division. Operating in the rear of the main forces of the Japanese, they prepared the way for the southward advance of the Chinese by disorganizing supply lines and communications. The climax of the Marauders' operations was the capture of the Myitkyina airfield, the only all-weather strip in northern Burma. The 5307th Composite Unit was disbanded in August, 1944. Members of the Marauders, along with Chinese units where then formed into the Mars Task Force. Read more about Merrill's Marauders and a biography of Frank D. Merrill.
Supplying Merrill's Marauders
Normal methods of supply were impractical for a highly mobile force operating behind the enemy's forward defensive positions. Any attempts to maintain regular land supply lines, even if adequate roads had been
Bamboo warehouses at Dinjan, 32 miles west of Ledo, were made available to the Marauders. Good air strips were nearby at Chabua, Tinsukia, and Sookerating. Arrangements were made for coded communication from General Merrill's headquarters to Dinjan through Combat Headquarters at Ledo. Eventually the base at Dinjan monitored all messages from General Merrill to Headquarters, thus eliminating the loss of time involved in relaying requisitions. Standard units of each category of supplies, based on estimated requirements for 1 day, were packaged ready for delivery. Requisitions were submitted on a basis covering daily needs or were readily adapted to this basis. At the beginning of the Marauders' operation the 2nd Troop Carrier Squadron and later the 1st Troop Carrier Squadron carried the supplies from the Dinjan base to forward drop areas. They dropped by parachute engineering equipment, ammunition, medical supplies, and food from an altitude of about 200 feet; clothing and grain were dropped without parachute from 150 feet. They flew in all kinds of weather. During March alone, in 17 missions averaging 6 to 7 planes, they ferried into the combat area 376 tons of supplies.
Where no open space or paddy field was available for the drop, it was necessary to prepare a field, but in the majority of cases the route of march and the supply requirements could be so coordinated that units were near some suitable flat, open area when drops were needed. This was an advantage, not only because it relieved the troops of the hard work of clearing ground, but because it enabled the pilots to use aerial photographs and maps to identify their destinations. The packages, attached to A-4 and A-7 parachutes, weighed between 115 and 125 pounds. Containers of this size were easily manhandled. As soon as they reached the ground, two of them were loaded on a mule and transported to a distributing point in a relatively secure area. There they were opened and the men filed by, each one picking up an individual package of rations or ammunition. Rations, wrapped in a burlap bag, contained food, salt tablets, cigarettes, and occasionally halazone tablets for purifying drinking water.
Careful planning, supplemented by speedy adoption of lessons learned from experience, paid big dividends in terms of efficient operation of the air supply system. About 250 enlisted members of the 5307th, including packers, riggers, drivers, and food droppers, were responsible for the job; everyone realized the importance of his role and felt a personal obligation to get the supplies to his comrades in the field at the time and place and in the quantities required. The high degree of mobility and secrecy which resulted from air supply was one of the chief reasons for the success of the Marauders.
In the spring of 1944 the Allies were finally able to attempt the reconquest of Burma. A force under General Stilwell fought down the Hukawang Valley and reached the vicinity north of Myitkyina, a key communications center and Japanese stronghold, in May 1943. Meanwhile, Merrill's Marauders had circled and were attacking Myitkyina from the south. Japanese resistance and the onset of the monsoon season in June delayed completion of the operation until August. As another phase of the spring offensive, a British force (the "Chindits") under British Major General Orde C. Wingate had made a successful airdrop near Kotha in March and proceeded to disrupt Japanese communications in central Burma. At the same time, farther to the south, a British Commonwealth force inflicted a considerable defeat on Japanese forces defending against a drive on Akyab, a port of the Bay of Bengal. Meanwhile, in western Burma, the Japanese had launched a powerful, and very nearly successful, counterattack toward Imphal and Kohima in eastern India. The British made a last-ditch stand in the vicinity of Kohima and, when reserves arrived, won a decisive victory at the end of June 1944. As the monsoon broke, the decimated Japanese force was in disorderly retreat back into the Jungles of Burma. By late summer of 1944 the Allies had cleared northern Burma, permitting construction of the Ledo (or Stilwell) Road and a fuel oil pipeline from India to China. Operations in Burma during the last year of the war were largely a British show. Actually, the British were more interested in recovering Singapore than in taking Burma or helping China, but American control of lead-lease, combined with an American policy that continued to back Chiang Kai-shek more or less dictated the reconquest of Burma. The British would have preferred to accomplish the reconquest of Burma from the south, beginning with a seaborne assault on Rangoon, but demands on shipping for European and Pacific operations precluded such a plan. Consequently, the British attacked from India across the Irrawaddy River to Mandalay and then south to Rangoon. They experienced tremendous difficulties because of the terrain and the resistance of crack Japanese troops. Supply by air was essential to the success of operations. Mandalay was captured after a prolonged fight in mid-March 1945. From then on progress to the south was relatively fast, and the reconquest of Burma was completed for practical purposes with the capture of Rangoon on 3 May 1945. Except for five Chinese divisions and a mixed American and Chinese brigade known as the Mars Task Force (replacing "Merrill's Marauders"), Allied forces in Burma consisted of British and British Commonwealth forces. Read more about India-Burma.
20th General Hospital
After almost eight months of training at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana, the unit consisting of nurses and enlisted men headed to San Francisco. They boarded the USS Monticello, as did my Dad, and on 20 January 1943 departed for India. After 42 days at sea with brief stops in New Zealand and Australia, they made their way to Ledo, finally arriving 21 March. Ledo, a tiny railroad town surrounded by the virgin jungle on the fringe of the tea plantations in the Assam region of northeast India would be home for the foreseeable future. The mountainous border with China was to the north and Burma (now Myanmar) lay on the east. At this time the Japanese invasion of China had forced the Chinese government into the interior, with Burma offering the only possible route of land communication between the Chinese and the Allies. To reopen communications with the Chinese, General Stilwell chose Ledo as the western terminus of his road into North Burma, to be built with the engineering and organizational skills of General Lewis A. Pick. As a huge military installation sprung up at Ledo, the 20th General Hospital took on the mission of providing medical care for the American-Chinese forces fighting the Japanese in Burma as well as for men constructing the Ledo road. The hospital was constructed on higher ground around a former polo field. Native structures called "bashas" housed the hospital and its patients, nurses, doctors, and enlisted men. These bashas had dirt floors, sometimes covered with bamboo matting, and leaky roofs of palm leaves. There were no lights and very few outlets for water. In this area of heavy rainfall, malaria and bacillary and amoebic dysentery were constant; leeches and mites presented even more dangers than the snakes, tigers, elephants, bears, bison and rhinoceroses. In India doctors had to deal with battle casualties in an environment that not only made medical treatment difficult, but actually added to the problems. Check in to the 20th General Hospital.
|Dad Crosses the Ocean|
USS Monticello (AP-61)|
Monticello underway on 15 September 1942 following refitting at Philadelphia Navy Yard
Unknown ship in Harbor at Wellington New Zealand
Unknown ship at pier in Fremantle, Australia
Monticello underway on 15 December 1943 near San Francisco
Shown here before and after the war, USS Monticello was originally and ultimately the Italian liner Conte Grande.
Commissioned USS Monticello (AP-61) 16 April 1942 (Dad's 21st Birthday)
Approximate route Dad traveled aboard USS Monticello from Wilmington, California to Bombay, India
The International Date Line was crossed on 3 February. Total sailing time was 42 days.
Crossing The Equator
Crossing the Equator 26 January 1943. Read about the Neptunus Rex ceremony.
Arrival in India and on to Assam
The arrival of the Monticello was documented in photos by CBI Roundup and a story published in the April 8, 1943 issue. Censorship prevented details from being disclosed, but another soldier on board recounted the journey:
Monticello Arrives in Bombay.
|Dad's service in the Army was directly related to the building of the Ledo Road...|
"On December 8, 1942, President Roosevelt gave the Ledo Road his own blessing and accorded it a priority second only to that enjoyed by the North African campaign, then in progress. Marshall promised Stilwell that he would allot him six thousand more troops (including the 330th Engineer General Service Regiment and several hospital units) and sixty-three thousand tons of supplies for early shipment to India for the road job. The troops, scheduled to sail from the west coast in January 1943, would reach India in March or April, with the supplies following in about a month. The curtain was going up on the greatest road show in history."
"The 48th Evacuation Hospital arrived at Camp Anza, California from Fort Devens, Massachusetts, on the night of 10-11 January 1943. Here were assembling the units of the 4201 Shipment. These included the 20th General Hospital, 73rd Evacuation Hospital, 478th Quartermaster Regiment, 151st Medical Battalion, 330th Engineer Regiment, 21st Quartermaster Regiment (colored), 7th Ordnance Battalion, and several small separate depot companies. These 6000 odd souls, male and female, white and colored, embarked on 19 January; and the transport left Wilmington, California harbor at 0800 hours, 20 January. Bombay was reached on 3 March. From there the units were shuffled across India, via Poona, Deolali, or Ranchi."
While President Roosevelt was giving his blessing to the Ledo Road project, Dad was at Fort Devens receiving Quartermaster training in Depot Supply. Although it is unlikely that he knew it at the time, he would become a member of one of the small depot companies mentioned. Soon he would be on a train crossing the country headed for California. He would be part of the "4201 Shipment" headed for India and eventually Ledo in Assam and "the greatest road show in history." As planned, the USS Monticello left from the West Coast on 20 January 1943 and reached Bombay in March. Dad crossed India by way of Deolali and reached Ledo on 21 March 1943. More than two years later on 20 May 1945, the Ledo Road was officially opened as "Stilwell Road." Dad left India the following month as the curtain fell on "the greatest road show."
|Photos from Assam|
|Stories from India|
There are not many stories to tell. Dad wasn't one to sit around
telling war stories. The little we got came from brief
anecdotes, usually during or after Sunday dinner. He would be reminded
of something and tell a couple of sentences worth of story. Nothing
special, just little insights into his time in India. These are a few
we remember, along with some background...|
This one was not a great story for dinner time. It was mostly about rocking and rolling on a ship, stuck below with thousands of others, most of them taking turns getting seasick. You can imagine conditions aboard a ship built to carry about 800 and carrying up to ten times that many. He did learn to play Poker however! Cards in one hand, bucket in the other. When they got to New Zealand he thought it was the most beautiful place on earth... THEY GOT TO GET UP ON DECK! They also got to stretch their legs marching through the streets of Wellington.
I guess even the Services Of Supply had to shop locally on occasion. Dad told us they sometimes ate Water Buffalo. How was it? NOT VERY GOOD! What did it taste like? PUT YOUR SHOE IN YOUR MOUTH AND CHEW! Transporting supplies, especially fresh food, from the United States to India was difficult and took more than a month. Then there was the climate. Ice was an unheard of commodity in the region. On the other hand, Water Buffalo were common in the area, used for everything from pulling plows to the main course!
My Assam Dragon
Dad mentioned seeing this plane. I think he was taken with the name. Probably everybody was as it most likely was an accurate description of how they all felt. Pilots and crews named their plane and decorated the nose, usually with a pin-up girl painting. Sometimes different crews came up with the same or similar name. If they received a new aircraft it often would be named the same with an added II or III to show it was their 2nd or 3rd plane. Shown at right is a picture of a B-29 Bomber named My Assam Dragon III.
Dad witnessed a demonstration by head hunters. Luckily the demonstration was only with a snake. I guess not so lucky for the snake, its head came off with just the flick of a wrist! The natives were of the Naga Tribe of Assam and northern Burma. Like most headhunters, the Naga tribesmen prized heads as trophies. During World War II they worked with the Allies and many Japanese heads became trophies. The Naga practiced head-hunting until 1958 which earned them both the curiosity and stigma of the outer world. In 1963, Nagaland became an official state of India.
Dad was to fly somewhere. Not sure to where or why. At the last minute he was bumped by another soldier. He later learned that the plane crashed and no one survived. Most Air Transport losses of men, materiel, and aircraft were due to the harsh flying conditions, rather than enemy action. Shown at right is the Curtiss C-46 "Commando" Transport flying The Hump. Less well known then the famous C-47, it flew more supplies over The Hump than any other aircraft.
|Wit and Wisdom|
|The Voyage Home|
|Dad’s CBI Timeline|
Dad's Original Uniform Jacket|
Dad's uniform jacket at the time of his discharge from the Army.
Dad's nickname "BING" (he had a deep voice like the famous Mr. Crosby) can be seen here inside his jacket.
Buttons with Army emblem
Ledo Road Shoulder Insignia
World War II Discharge insignia
Army Service Stripes. Each small stripe represents
six months overseas service (30 months are indicated).
The larger stripe represents three years honorable service.
Original Service Ribbons and Good Conduct Medal.
Note the Bronze Service Stars on the right-hand ribbon.
They indicate participation in campaigns:
India-Burma 02 APR 1942 - 28 JAN 1945
China Defensive 04 JUL 1942 - 04 MAY 1945
|Original Military Documents|
More about information in Dad's Military Documents
No Time Lost Under AW107
Keeping Score - The ASR
The ASR or Advanced Service Rating Points System found on the Enlisted Record and Report of Separation was used to determine a soldier's eligibility for discharge. The higher the score, the closer one was to going home. At the end of the war in Europe, 85 points were required for discharge. This was later lowered to 75 as demobilization continued and finally reached 60 in November 1945. Many found the system confusing and it did not apply to all servicemen. For example, pilots went home after 25 combat missions regardless of points accumulated, although they still remained in the service.
The points were awarded as follows: 1 point for each month served in the Army, 1 point for each month served overseas, 5 points for each campaign star worn on theater ribbons, 5 points for the first and each award received such as Distinguished Service Cross, etc., and 12 points for each child at home under 18 years of age (up to 3 children). Points were awarded for months served between 16 September 1940 and 12 May 1945.
According to his records, Dad's score was 70 as of 2 September 1945 (the day the Instrument of Surrender was signed by the Japanese). He was in the Army from 6 October 1942 until 27 October 1945. Since the Army stopped counting on 12 May 1945 this is actually 31 points. He was overseas from 20 January 1943 to 20 July 1945. This was worth 29 points. His Asiatic-Pacific Service Ribbon has 2 stars which were worth 10 points. 31 + 29 + 10 = 70.
More about the Points System.
Dad's Enlisted Record and Report of Separation indicates NO TIME LOST UNDER AW107, which is more commonly known as AWOL - Absent Without Leave. Although the implication of AWOL is generally not good, this was not necessarily the case. A soldier might have been delayed traveling between military assignments and this would count towards AW107. If any days were indicated, they had to be made-up before discharge. Dad did not have to make up any time prior to discharge.
Lapel Button Issued
The National Defense Lapel Button (original, left; plastic replica, right) was issued to personnel having been Honorably Discharged from the service. It was not intended for uniform wear but rather on civilian clothes. Dad's separation record indicates "Lapel Button Issued." It is more commonly known as The Ruptured Duck.
The Good Conduct Medal is awarded for exemplary behavior, efficiency, and fidelity in active Federal Military service. It is awarded on a selective basis to each soldier who distinguishes himself from among his fellow soldiers by exemplary conduct, efficiency, and fidelity throughout a specified period of continuous enlisted active Federal military service. The immediate commander must approve the award and the award must be announced in permanent orders.
Dad received this medal July 1944.
The Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal was awarded to personnel for service within the Asiatic-Pacific Theater between 7 December 1941 and 2 March 1946. The ribbon design was approved on 24 November 1942. The yellow ribbon has white and red on each side to represent the Japanese colors. The center blue, white, and red stripes are taken from the American Defense Service Medal ribbon and refers to the continuance of American Defense after Pearl Harbor. The design of the medal was not approved until 1947.
Dad received the service ribbon and two service stars but not the medal since it was issued after he was discharged.
World War II Victory
The World War II Victory Medal was awarded to all military personnel for service between 7 December 1941 and 31 December 1946. The Medal was approved on 5 February 1946. The rainbow colors on each side are taken from World War I Victory ribbon.
Although qualified, Dad did not receive the ribbon or medal since they were issued after he was discharged.
See all U.S. Military Service & Campaign Medals.
Air Drop Planning for the Mars Task Force
AIR SUPPLY DEPOT WHERE SUPPLIES WERE PACKED FOR THE MARS TASK FORCE (JANUARY 1945)
Seated, left to right, Lt. James Savage, Sgt. Warren Weidenburner. Standing, left to right, Brig. Gen. Robert M. Cannon, Chief of Staff, IBT, Capt. Robinson, Air Supply Operations officer, Lt. Gen. Dan I. Sultan, India-Burma Theater commander, Brig. Gen. Lewis A. Pick, Ledo Road commander.
No Time Lost Under AW107
Lt. Savage's collar pin indicates he was a member of the Quartermaster Corps.
Officers hats insignia similar to one still in use today.
General Pick's hat indicates he was a Brigadier General (one star) at the time of the photo.
U. S. Military Script
Look again, It's a paper nickel !!
Japanese Currency from Occupied Burma
Coins from World War II India
By Robert Abrams
(CBIVA Sound-off, Summer 1991)
The Garden State Basha presented a wreath at the Fifth Annual Memorial Service on May 25 at the Gen.
William C. Doyle Veterans Memorial Cemetery, Arneytown, N.J., in honor of departed CBI veterans. Garden State was
one of over 50 organizations that presented wreaths at this service. Presenting the wreath were Commander Robert
Abrams and John Stell.
|Besides the Army . . .|
Warren Weidenburner was born on April 16, 1921 in Astoria,
Queens, New York, the younger of two sons of Joseph and Dorothy
(Froehlich) Weidenburner. When he was about a year old, the family moved
to Linden, New Jersey, where he lived for the rest of his life.
♦ He graduated from Linden High School in 1939. Because his
brother was already in college and there was no money to send two, he
worked at various laborer jobs. These included the General Motors plant
and Cities Service terminal. At the time of his induction into the Army
he worked for Dupont (Grasselli Chemical Co.) as a leadburner's helper.
♦ Following return to civilian life he returned to work at
Dupont. He met and married the former Frances L. Kapitan. They became
the parents of three children: Diane, Carl Warren and Jill. They have
one grandson, Joseph Russell Weidenburner.
♦ He worked for many years at the Tremley Point Terminal of
Sinclair Refining Company, which was eventually sold to Standard Oil of Ohio
and subsequently British Petroleum (BP). He served as President of the
local Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers International Union. He began as a Gauger with
Sinclair in 1957 and retired in 1985 from BP as Assistant Plant Superintendent.
♦ He was a member of Calvary Lutheran Church, Cranford, New Jersey.
Previously, as a member of St. Paul's Lutheran Church, Linden, New Jersey, he
had served as President of the Congregation and also as Financial
Secretary. He was a member of Cornerstone Lodge #229 F&AM, Linden, New Jersey.
♦ In 1978, after many years of attending functions of the
Delaware Valley (Pennsylvania) Basha of the China-Burma-India Veterans
Association, he co-founded the Garden State Basha, serving as its
Commander from 1979-1981.
♦ He died on July 20, 1994 at the age of 73. A good husband, father, man. He is missed by all who knew and loved him.
|Before and After the Army|